Reproductive technology


Reproductive technology encompasses all current and anticipated uses of technology in human and animal reproduction, including assisted reproductive technology, contraception and others. It is also termed Assisted Reproductive Technology, where it entails an array of appliances and procedures that enable the realization of safe, improved and healthier reproduction. While this is not true of all men and women, for an array of married couples, the ability to have children is vital. But through the technology, infertile couples have been provided with options that would allow them to conceive children.

Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is the use of reproductive technology to treat low fertility or infertility. The natural method of reproduction has become only one of many new techniques used today. There are millions of couples that do not have the ability to reproduce on their own because of infertility and therefore, must resort to these new techniques. The main causes of infertility are that of hormonal malfunctions and anatomical abnormalities.ART is currently the only form of l uterus, for example, for the time being can only conceive through surrogacy methods).Examples of ART include in vitro fertilization and its possible expansions, including: artificial insemination, artificial reproduction, cloning (see human cloning for the special case of human beings), cytoplasmic transfer, cryopreservation of sperm, oocytes, embryos, embryo transfer, fertility medication, hormone treatment, in vitro fertilization, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, in vitro generated gametes, preimplantation genetic diagnosis.

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