Annals of Otology Rhinology

Image Journal of Otology & Rhinology (JOR) is a hybrid open access international journal which is distributed all over the globe. The Journal focuses on audiology, speech therapy, oral and neck oncology, neurotology, otolaryngology and Sleep Apnea disorders. Otology is a branch of medicine which studies normal and pathological anatomy and physiology of the ear (hearing and vestibular sensory systems and related structures and functions) as well as their diseases, diagnosis and treatment. Rhinology refers to a subspecialty within the field of otolaryngology (ENT) focused on the treatment of diseases and disorders affecting the nasal cavity and sinuses. This... Read More

Awareness and knowledge of physical therapy among adult populations in Saudi Arabia.

Image The aim of this study is to ascertain general public awareness and knowledge of physiotherapy in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The authors built a cross-sectional sample using an auto-administered questionnaire. The research was conducted between June and August 2018 where the questionnaire was planted online and invitation to participate in the research along with an description of its significance, and a link to the questionnaire was sent to individuals via various social media platforms. To know more follow https://www.scitechnol.com/peer-review/awareness-and-knowledge-of-physical-therapy-among-saudi-arabia-adult-population-Rbhw.php?article_id=9148 Contribute your work https://www.scitechnol.com/submission/... Read More

Pharmaceuticals in the Environment

Image The Journal focuses on effects, fate, green pharmacy, occurrence, risk, sustainable pharmacy.Pharmaceuticalsarechemicalsthatareusedbecauseoftheirbiological activity.Theyareoftenexcretedunchangedandcanreachtheenvironment. Throughout developed countries, the pharmaceutical concentrations in the aquatic environment are in the same range (μgL −1 and below); however, it is not clear whether this holds for less-developed countries too. The health risks of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs)remainpoorlyunderstood.Althoughtherearenoknownshorttermeffectsonhumans,long-termeffectscannotberuledoutuntilthere is more research. The significance of metabolites and transformation productsresultingfromtheparentAPIsisnotyetknown.Awarenessof thepresenceofpharmaceuticalsintheenvironment,coupledwithsome evidence of effects, suggests that precautionary management action to reduce the release of pharmaceuticals to the environment should be considered. As for effluent treatment, no technology works well for all compounds. Advanced effluent treatment is not sustainable because... Read More

Fluorine in Pharmaceuticals: Looking Beyond Intuition

Image Fluorine substituents have become a widespread and important drug component, their introduction facilitated by the development of safe and selective fluorinating agents. Organofluorine affects nearly all physical and adsorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion properties of a lead compound. Its inductive effects are relatively well understood, enhancing bioavailability, for example, by reducing the basicity of neighboring amines. In contrast, exploration of the specific influence of carbon-fluorine single bonds on docking interactions, whether through direct contact with the protein or through stereoelectronic effects on molecular conformation of the drug, has only recently begun. Here, we review experimental progress in this vein and... Read More

Biology of Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors

Image Once a poorly defined pathologic oddity, in recent years, gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) has emerged as a distinct oncogenetic entity that is now center stage in clinical trials of kinase-targeted therapies. This review charts the rapid progress that has established GIST as a model for understanding the role of oncogenic kinase mutations in human tumorigenesis. Approximately 80% to 85% of GISTs harbor activating mutations of the KIT tyrosine kinase. In a series of 322 GISTs (including 140 previously published cases) studied by the authors in detail, mutations in the KIT gene occurred with decreasing frequency in exons 11 (66.1%), 9... Read More

Theoretical and experimental work on Powdered Material Granulation Processes in Cylindrical Granulator.

Image The problems of experimental and theoretical investigation and analysis of granulometric composition of granules in granulation processes of powdered superphosphates in drum apparatus are considered. The theoretical investigation has been constructed on analytical decision of Fokker-Planck stochastic equation defining evolution of the distribution function of granules on sizes. Know more about it https://www.scitechnol.com/peer-review/theoretical-and-experimental-investigation-on-granulation-processes-of-powdered-materials-in-cylindrical-granulator-rOhb.php?article_id=7570 Contribute your work related to chemistry and chemical engineering through email: chemistry@peerjournal.org or online link https://www.scitechnol.com/submission/ you can also go for membership.... Read More

Childhood functional gastrointestinal disorders

Image The Journal focuses on  infant vomiting, cyclic vomiting syndrome, functional dyspepsia in children, irritable bowel syndrome in children, functional abdominal pain in children, functional diarrhea in children, functional constipation in children, and Rome II.This is the first attempt at defining criteriaforfunctionalgastrointestinaldisorders (FGIDs) in infancy,childhood,and adolescence. The decision-making process was as for adults and consisted of arriving at consensus, based on clinical experience. This paper is intended to be a quick reference. The classification system selected diVers from the one used in the adult population in that it is organized according to main complaints instead of being organ-targeted.Because the child is still... Read More

MANAGEMENT CONTROL SYSTEMS AND STRATEGY: A CRITICAL REVIEW

Image Research that studies the relationship between management control systems (MCS) and business strategy. Empirical research studies that use contingency approaches and case study applica- tions are examin ed focusing on specific aspects of MCS and their relationship with strategy. These aspects include cost control orientation, performance evaluation and reward systems, the effect of resource shar- ing, the role of MCS in influencing strategic change and the choice of interactive and diagnostic controls. More contemporary approaches to the relationship between performance measurement systems and strat- egy are also considered. It is concluded that our knowledge of the relationship between MCS and... Read More

Caterpillar-Like Robot

Image A tiny, caterpillar-like robot is being developed by researchers in China — to help deliver therapeutic drugs inside the human body. With soft, flexible legs similar to a real caterpillar, it can carry heavy-weight loads 100 times heavier than itself — the equivalent strength of a human able to lift a 26 seat mini-bus. Plus it can adapt to difficult + uneven terrain. The prototype could pave the way for advances in bio-medicine: such as drug delivery. Before conducting tests in animals — and eventually in humans — the research team is experimenting with new shapes, finding a bio-degradable material for... Read More

Proactive office ergonomics can increase job satisfaction, employee retention

Image As the amount of time employees spend at their desks increases, so does musculoskeletal discomfort and other health issues associated with the office environment. A research demonstrates that a comprehensive and proactive workplace ergonomics program can help to prevent discomfort and injury. You are invited to share your relevant works at ergonomics@scholarlymed.com for enabling us to take it to the readers all around the world by publishing it in the Journal of Ergonomics Research.... Read More

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Image ALS causes a slow weakening of the motor neurons, and then death. Motor nerves spread through the entire body from the brain to the spinal cord to muscles. They stop sending signals to the muscles when motor neurons are impaired, so that the muscles can't function. In 5% to 10% of citizens ALS is hereditary. ALS is the most common degenerative disease of motor neuron system. While ALS is incurable and fatal, care may prolong the duration and positive quality of life for patients, with median survival of 3 years. Drugs and therapy can slow down ALS and minimize pain,... Read More

Codeine

Image Codeine Codeine is an opiate used to treat pain, coughing, and diarrhea.It is typically used to treat mild to moderate degrees of pain. Greater benefit may occur when combined with paracetamol (acetaminophen) or a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) such as aspirin or ibuprofen.Evidence does not support its use for acute cough suppression in children or adults.In Europe, it is not recommended as a cough medicine in those under 12 years of age.It is generally taken by mouth. It typically starts working after half an hour, with maximum effect at two hours. Its effects last for about four to six... Read More

MORPHIINE

Image MORPHIINE Morphine is a pain medication of the opiate family which is found naturally in a number of plants and animals, including humans. It acts directly on the central nervous system (CNS) to decrease the feeling of pain. It can be taken for both acute pain and chronic pain.[6] It is frequently used for pain from myocardial infarction and during labor.[6] It can be given by mouth, by injection into a muscle, by injection under the skin, intravenously, injection into the space around the spinal cord, or rectally.Maximum effect is reached after about 20 minutes when given intravenously and after 60 miNutes... Read More

Fundamentals of Power Electronics

Image   The first class on converters has been called a way of enticing control and electronics students into the power area via the "back door". The power electronics field is quite broad, and includes fundamentals in the areas of  ● Converter circuits and electronics  ● Control systems  ● Magnetics  ● Power applications  ● Design-oriented analysis   For subscription or submission of articles  Contact induselectron@peerjournal.org Or you can Contact on +1-579-679-8957.... Read More

Meditation States and Traits: EEG, ERP, and Neuroimaging Studies

Image Neuroelectric and imaging studies of meditation are reviewed. Electroencephalographic measures indi￾cate an overall slowing subsequent to meditation, with theta and alpha activation related to proficiency of practice. Sensory evoked potential assessment of concentrative meditation yields amplitude and latency changes for some components and practices. Cognitive event-related potential evaluation of  meditation implies that practice changes attentional allocation. Neuroimaging studies indicate increased regional cerebral blood flow measures during meditation. Taken together, meditation appears to reflect changes in anterior cingulate cortex and dorsolateral prefrontal areas. Neurophysiological meditative state and trait effects are variable but are beginning to demonstrate consistent outcomes for research and clinical applications. Psychological and... Read More

EXTRACTION, ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS FROM PLANTS’ EXTRACTS

Image The Journal focuses on Bioactive compound, Plant Extraction, Isolation, Herbal preparations, and Natural products.Natural products from medicinal plants, either as pure compounds or as standardized extracts, provide unlimited opportunities for new drug leads because of the unmatched availability of chemical diversity. Due to an increasing demand for chemical diversity in screening programs, seeking therapeutic drugs from natural products, interest particularly in edible plants has grown throughout the world. Botanicals and herbal preparations for medicinal usage contain various types of bioactive compounds. The focus of this paper is on the analytical methodologies, which include the extraction, isolation and characterization... Read More

Resident Attrition in Post Graduate Surgical Training (APJOT)

Image Resident attrition is a significant issue facing graduate surgical education, with broad implications for trainees, their families, educators, and society at large. Resident attrition is costly and often may represent a poor initial selection process, inadequate training in medical school, or insufficient feedback and mentoring while the resident is in the postgraduate program. Promoting an environment that encourages mentorship may be an important first step to help residents maximize their professional potential. The successful mentoring of surgical residents is crucial because the entire specialty depends on how today’s residents face tomorrow’s challenges. Residency is known to be... Read More

Recent Developments on Conquering Zika

Image Recently, the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared that Zika, a virus, which has been linked to birth defects and neurological complications, no longer constitutes an international emergency. However, it still remains a threat which calls for a long term efforts to address the issue through development of vaccines. Several ongoing clinical trials led by government and private pharmaceutical companies have shown a great promise in the treatment of Zika. Apart from these trials, there are also ongoing research on understanding the virus better, its transmission mode and future possibility of leveraging it in other disease treatments. This article provides... Read More

Trauma (APJOT)

Image Trauma is the response to a deeply distressing or disturbing event that overwhelms an individual’s ability to cope, causes feelings of helplessness, diminishes their sense of self and their ability to feel the full range of emotions and experiences. It does not discriminate and it is pervasive throughout the world. A World Mental Health survey conducted by the World Health Organization found that at least a third of the more than 125,000 people surveyed in 26 different countries had experienced trauma. That number rose to 70% when the group was limited to people experiencing core disorders as defined by the... Read More

Study of Analytical chemistry

Image Analytical chemistry studies and uses instruments and methods used to separate, identify, and quantify matter. In practice, separation, identification or quantification may constitute the entire analysis or be combined with another method. Separation isolates analyticQualitative analysis identifies analytics, while quantitative analysis determines the numerical amount or concentration. Analytical chemistry consists of classical, wet chemical methods and modern, instrumental methods. Classical qualitative methods use separations such as precipitation, extraction, and distillation. Identification may be based on differences in color, odour, melting point, boiling point, radioactivity or reactivity. Classical quantitative analysis... Read More

Microbial Biosensor

Image A microbial biosensor is an analytical device that couples microorganisms with a transducer to enable rapid, accurate and sensitive detection of target analytes in fields as diverse as medicine, environmental monitoring, defense, food processing and safety. The earlier microbial biosensors used the respiratory and metabolic functions of the microorganisms to detect a substance that is either a substrate or an inhibitor of these processes. Recently, genetically engineered microorganisms based on fusing of gene reporters to an inducible gene promoter have been widely applied to assay toxicity and bioavailability. This paper reviews the recent trends in the development and application of... Read More

Pacemakers for Children

Image A permanent pacemaker is a small device that is implanted under the skin and sends electrical signals to start or regulate a slow heartbeat.  A permanent pacemaker may be used to stimulate the heartbeat if the heart's natural pacemaker (the sinoatrial, or SA, node) is not functioning properly, has developed an abnormal heart rate or rhythm, or if the electrical pathways are blocked. Children's pacemakers may be placed under the skin in one of several locations. Young children (infants, toddler, preschool, and young school-aged children) often have the pacemaker generator placed in the abdomen, since the fatty tissue found there... Read More

Narcotics

Image Narcotics The term narcotic originally referred medically to any psychoactive compound with sleep-inducing properties, and euphoric properties as well. In the United States, it has since become associated with opiates and opioids, commonly morphine and heroin, as well as derivatives of many of the compounds found within raw opium latex. The primary three are morphine, codeine, and thebaine (while thebaine itself is only very mildly psychoactive, it is a crucial precursor in the vast majority of semi-synthetic opioids, such as oxycodone or hydrocodone). Legally speaking, the term "narcotic" may be imprecisely defined and typically has negative connotations.When used in a legal context in the U.S., a narcotic drug is one that is totally prohibited, such as heroin, or one that... Read More

ANESTHETIZED

Image ANESTHETIZED Anesthesia or anaesthesia (from Greek "without sensation") is a state of controlled, temporary loss of sensation or awareness that is induced for medical purposes. It may include some or all of analgesia (relief from or prevention of pain), paralysis (muscle relaxation), amnesia (loss of memory), and unconsciousness. A patient under the effects of anesthetic drugs is referred to as being anesthetized. Anesthesia enables the painless performance of medical procedures that would otherwise cause severe or intolerable pain to an unanesthetized patient, or would otherwise be technically unfeasible. Three broad categories of anesthesia exist: General anesthesia suppresses central nervous system activity and results in unconsciousness and total lack of sensation, using either injected or inhaled drugs. Sedation suppresses the... Read More

Bleeding Diathesis

Image In medicine bleeding diathesis is an unusual susceptibility to bleed mostly due to hypocoagulability (a condition of irregular and slow blood clotting), in turn caused by a coagulopathy (a defect in the system of coagulation). Therefore, this may result in the reduction of platelets being produced and leads to excessive bleeding. Several types of coagulopathy are distinguished, ranging from mild to lethal. Coagulopathy can be caused by thinning of the skin, such that the skin is weakened and is bruised easily and frequently without any trauma or injury to the body. Also, coagulopathy can be contributed by... Read More

Transfusion

Image Transfusion medicine is the branch of medicine that encompasses all aspects of the transfusion of blood and blood components including aspects related to hemovigilance. It includes issues of blood donation, immunohematology and other laboratory testing for transfusion-transmitted diseases, management and monitoring of clinical transfusion practices, patient blood management, therapeutic apheresis, stem cell collections, cellular therapy, and coagulation. The blood donor centre is the facility that collects blood components from screened blood donors, either whole blood or separate components such as plasma or platelets only via apheresis. These blood components are then transported to a central location for... Read More

Myeloma

Image Multiple myeloma, also known as plasma cell myeloma, is a cancer of plasma cells, a type of white blood cell that normally produces antibodies. Often, no symptoms are noticed initially. As it progresses, bone pain, bleeding, frequent infections, and anaemia may occur. Complications may include amyloidosis. Multiple myeloma is considered treatable, but generally incurable. Remissions may be brought about with steroids, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and stem cell transplant. Bisphosphonates and radiation therapy are sometimes used to reduce pain from bone lesions. The cause of multiple myeloma is unknown. Risk factors include obesity, radiation exposure, family history, and... Read More

Circulatory System

Image The circulatory system, also called the cardiovascular system or the vascular system, is an organ system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients (such as amino acids and electrolytes), oxygen, carbon dioxide, hormones, and blood cells to and from the cells in the body to provide nourishment and help in fighting diseases, stabilize temperature and pH, and maintain homeostasis. The circulatory system includes the lymphatic system, which circulates lymph. The passage of lymph takes much longer than that of blood. Blood is a fluid consisting of plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets that... Read More

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Image Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is the transplantation of multipotent hematopoietic stem cells, usually derived from bone marrow, peripheral blood, or umbilical cord blood. It may be autologous (the patient's own stem cells are used), allogeneic (the stem cells come from a donor) or syngeneic (from an identical twin). It is most often performed for patients with certain cancers of the blood or bone marrow, such as multiple myeloma or leukaemia. In these cases, the recipient's immune system is usually destroyed with radiation or chemotherapy before the transplantation. Infection and graft-versus-host disease are major complications of allogeneic HSCT.... Read More

Coagulation

Image Coagulation, also known as clotting, is the process by which blood changes from a liquid to a gel, forming a blood clot. It potentially results in hemostasis, the cessation of blood loss from a damaged vessel, followed by repair. The mechanism of coagulation involves activation, adhesion and aggregation of platelets, as well as deposition and maturation of fibrin. The coagulation cascade of secondary hemostasis has two initial pathways which lead to fibrin formation. These are the contact activation pathway , and the tissue factor pathway (also known as the extrinsic pathway), which both lead to the same... Read More

Thrombosis

Image Thrombosis is the formation of a blood clot inside a blood vessel, obstructing the flow of blood through the circulatory system. When a blood vessel (a vein or an artery) is injured, the body uses platelets (thrombocytes) and fibrin to form a blood clot to prevent blood loss. Even when a blood vessel is not injured, blood clots may form in the body under certain conditions. A clot, or a piece of the clot, that breaks free and begins to travel around the body is known as an embolus. Thrombosis may occur in veins or in arteries... Read More

Leukemia

Image Leukemia, also spelled leukaemia, is a group of blood cancers that usually begin in the bone marrow and result in high numbers of abnormal blood cells. These blood cells are not fully developed and are called blasts or leukemia cells. Symptoms may include bleeding and bruising, feeling tired, fever, and an increased risk of infections. These symptoms occur due to a lack of normal blood cells. Diagnosis is typically made by blood tests or bone marrow biopsy. The exact cause of leukemia is unknown. A combination of genetic factors and environmental (non-inherited) factors are believed to play... Read More

Physical Chemistry

Image Physical chemistry is the study of how matter behaves on a molecular and atomic level and how chemical reactions occur. Based on their analyses, physical chemists may develop new theories, such as how complex structures are formed. Physical chemists often work closely with materials scientists to research and develop potential uses for new materials. Physical chemistry has traditionally given students broad training, and positioned them to work in a variety of scientific careers. Many people trained as physical chemists ultimately work as analytical chemists, where they work to understand the fundamental process involved in analytical techniques, allowing them to enhance... Read More

Advances in Food Bioprocess Technology

Image Advances in Food Bioprocess Technology provide us effective and timely material about cutting-edge high original papers in chemical engineering and sciences for all types of food products. Advances in Food Bioprocess Technology journals covers and examines the processing technology for ripening, quality, agriculture, horticulture products. A negative, public reaction is growing over the addition of chemical preservatives to liquid foods and beverages to extend their shelf life and to protect against foodborne pathogens. As a physical method, ultraviolet light (UV) irradiation has a positive consumer image and is of interest to the food industry as a low cost non-thermal method... Read More

Heart Transplantation in Children

Image What Is a Heart Transplant? A heart transplant is a surgery in which doctors remove a person's sick heart and replace it with a healthy donor heart. Transplants are done when a child's heart does not work well and he or she won't survive without a new one. Doctors sometimes call this heart failure, or end-stage pediatric heart disease. They usually first try to treat heart failure with medicine, surgery,  or other procedures. If those don't work, a child might need a heart transplant. Submit  here. Transplanted hearts come from organ donors who have agreed (or their guardians have... Read More

Organic chemistry

Image Organic chemistry is the study of the structure, properties, composition, reactions, and preparation of carbon-containing compounds, which include not only hydrocarbons but also compounds with any number of other elements, including hydrogen (most compounds contain at least one carbon–hydrogen bond), nitrogen, oxygen, halogens, phosphorus, silicon, and sulfur. Submit here. This branch of chemistry was originally limited to compounds produced by living organisms but has been broadened to include human-made substances such as plastics. The range of application of organic compounds is enormous and also includes, but is not limited to, pharmaceuticals, petrochemicals, food, explosives, paints, and cosmetics.... Read More

Antibodies

Image Antibodies, also referred to as immunoglobulins, are glycoproteins naturally produced in response to invading foreign particles (antigens) such as microorganisms and viruses. As such, they play a critical role in the immune system’s defense against infection and disease. Antigens recognized and bound by antibodies can be proteins such as receptors expressed on cancer cells, sugars on bacterial and viral cell surfaces, hormones, chemical compounds, or nucleic acid structures. The region of an antigen that interacts with an antibody is called the epitope. Submit here. Recombinant Antibody Technology Advances in the understanding of antibody structure and function, bacteriophage replication,... Read More

Congenital Heart Defects

Image Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are the most common type of birth defect. As medical care and treatment have advanced, babies with a CHD are living longer and healthier lives. Learn more facts about CHDs below. CHDs are present at birth and can affect the structure of a baby’s heart and the way it works. They can affect how blood flows through the heart and out to the rest of the body. CHDs can vary from mild (such as a small hole in the heart) to severe (such as missing or poorly formed parts of the heart).Submit here. About... Read More

Pharmaceutics

Image Pharmaceutics is the discipline of pharmacy that deals with all facets of the process of turning a new chemical entity (NCE) into a safe and effective medication. Pharmaceutics is the science of dosage form design. Pharmaceutics deals with the formulation of a pure drug substance into a dosage form. Pharmaceutics is a subject that is included in all four years of B.Pharm. Apart from this, Pharmaceutics department handles the following subjects: Physical Pharmacy: This subject deals with application of physical chemical principles to problems in the pharmaceutical sciences. Submit here Pharmaceutical Engineering: Is the study of... Read More

BIO CHEMICAL PROCESS

Image Most chemical changes in a cell result from chains and cycles of biochemical reactions, with each step controlled by a separate, specific enzyme Metabolism is the totality of the chemical reactions which occur within a cell, and can be divided into two types: Anabolic reactions involve the synthesis of complex molecules from simpler ones and usually require energy to form new bonds (endergonic) Catabolic reactions involve the breakdown of complex molecules into simpler ones and usually release energy from breaking bonds (exergonic). Submit here   Energy Transformations Energy in living cells is stored and released... Read More

Atherosclerosis

Image What Is Atherosclerosis is a disease in which plaque builds up inside your arteries. Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood to your heart and other parts of your body. Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in the blood. Over time, plaque hardens and narrows your arteries. This limits the flow of oxygen-rich blood to your organs and other parts of your body. Atherosclerosis can lead to serious problems, including heart attack, stroke, or even death. Major Risk Factors Unhealthy blood cholesterol levels. This includes high LDL cholesterol (sometimes called "bad" cholesterol) and low... Read More

Virology

Image Virology is the study of viral – submicroscopic, parasitic particles of genetic material contained in a protein coat and virus-like agents. It focuses on the following aspects of viruses: their structure, classification and evolution, their ways to infect and exploit host cells for reproduction, their interaction with host organism physiology and immunity, the diseases they cause, the techniques to isolate and culture them, and their use in research and therapy. Virology is considered to be a subfield of microbiology or of medicine. A major branch of virology is virus classification. Viruses can be classified according to the host cell they... Read More

Unicellular

Image A unicellular organism, also known as a single-celled organism, is an organism that consists of a single cell, unlike a multicellular organism that consists of multiple cells. Unicellular organisms fall into two general categories: prokaryotic organisms and eukaryotic organisms. Prokaryotes include bacteria and archaea. Many eukaryotes are multicellular, but the group includes the protozoa, unicellular algae, and unicellular fungi. Unicellular organisms are thought to be the oldest form of life, with early protocells possibly emerging 3.8–4 billion years ago Although some prokaryotes live in colonies, they are not specialised cells with differing functions. These organisms live together, and each cell... Read More

THE STUDY OF ARCHAEA

Image Archaeal cells have unique properties separating them from the other two domains, Bacteria and Eukaryota. Archaea are further divided into multiple recognized phyla. Classification is difficult because most have not been isolated in the laboratory and have only been detected by analysis of their nucleic acids in samples from their environment. Archaea and bacteria are generally similar in size and shape, although a few archaea have very different shapes, such as the flat and square cells of Haloquadratum walsbyi. Despite this morphological similarity to bacteria, archaea possess genes and several metabolic pathways that are more closely related to those of... Read More

Multicellular

Image Multicellular organisms are organisms that consist of more than one cell, in contrast to unicellular organisms. All species of animals, land plants and most fungi are multicellular, as are many algae, whereas a few organisms are partially uni- and partially multicellular, like slime molds and social amoebae such as the genus Dictyostelium All species of animals, land plants and most fungi are multicellular, as are many algae, whereas a few organisms are partially uni- and partially multicellular, like slime molds and social amoebae such as the genus Dictyostelium You can share your ideas & comments further at:  ... Read More

Microorganisms

Image Microorganisms include all unicellular organisms and so are extremely diverse. Of the three domains of life identified by Carl Woese, all of the Archaea and Bacteria are microorganisms. These were previously grouped together in the two domain system as Prokaryotes, the other being the eukaryotes. The third domain Eukaryota includes all multicellular organisms and many unicellular protists and protozoans. Some protists are related to animals and some to green plants. They live in almost every habitat from the poles to the equator, deserts, geysers, rocks and the deep sea. Some are adapted to extremes such as very hot or very... Read More

Fungi

Image characteristic that places fungi in a different kingdom from plants, bacteria, and some protists is chitin in their cell walls. Similar to animals, fungi are heterotrophs; they acquire their food by absorbing dissolved molecules, typically by secreting digestive enzymes into their environment. Fungi do not photosynthesize. Growth is their means of mobility, except for spores (a few of which are flagellated), which may travel through the air or water. Fungi are the principal decomposers in ecological systems. These and other differences place fungi in a single group of related organisms, named the Eumycota (true fungi or Eumycetes), which share a... Read More

Osteoporosis

Image Osteoporosis is a disease in which bone weakening increases the risk of a broken bone. It is the most common reason for a broken bone among the elderly. Bones that commonly break include the vertebrae in the spine, the bones of the forearm, and the hip. Until a broken bone occurs there are typically no symptoms. Bones may weaken to such a degree that a break may occur with minor stress or spontaneously. After a broken bone, Chronic pain and a decreased ability to carry out normal activities may occur. Prevention of osteoporosis includes a proper diet during childhood and efforts to avoid medications that increase the rate of bone loss. Efforts to prevent... Read More

Insulin

Image Insulin  is a peptide hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreatic islets; it is considered to be the main anabolic hormone of the body. It regulates the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and protein by promoting the absorption of carbohydrates, especially glucose from the blood into liver, fat and skeletal muscle cells. In these tissues the absorbed glucose is converted into either glycogen via glycogenesis or fats (triglycerides) via lipogenesis, or, in the case of the liver, into both. Glucose production and secretion by the liver is strongly inhibited by high concentrations of insulin in the blood.... Read More

Thyroid gland

Image The thyroid, or thyroid gland, is an endocrine gland in the neck consisting of two connected lobes. The lower two thirds of the lobes are connected by a thin band of tissue called the thyroid isthmus. The thyroid is located at the front of the neck, below the Adam's apple. Microscopically, the functional unit of the thyroid gland is the spherical thyroid follicle, lined with follicular cells, and occasional Para follicular cells that surround a lumen containing colloid. The thyroid gland secretes three hormones: the two thyroid hormones – triiodothyronine, and thyroxin, and a peptide hormone, calcitonin.... Read More

Overweight

Image Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to an extent that it may have a negative effect on health. People are generally considered obese when their body mass index (BMI), a measurement obtained by dividing a person's weight by the square of the person's height, is over 30 kg/m2; the range 25–30 kg/m2 is defined as overweight. Some East Asian countries use lower values. Obesity is most commonly caused by a combination of excessive food intake, lack of physical activity, and genetic susceptibility. A few cases are caused primarily by genes, endocrine... Read More

Hormones

Image A hormone is any member of a class of signaling molecules, produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behavior. Hormones serve to communicate between organs and tissues for physiological regulation and behavioral activities such as digestion, metabolism, respiration, tissue function, sensory perception, sleep, excretion, lactation, stress induction, growth and development, movement, reproduction, and mood manipulation. Hormones affect distant cells by binding to specific receptor proteins in the target cell, resulting in a change in cell function. Hormone secretion may occur in many tissues.... Read More

Diabetes

Image Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly known as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by a high blood sugar level over a prolonged period of time. Symptoms often include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications. Acute complications can include diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, or death. Serious long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, stroke, chronic kidney disease, foot ulcers, damage to the nerves, damage to the eyes and cognitive impairment The classic symptoms of untreated diabetes are unintended weight  loss, polyuria , polydipsia, and polyphagia. Symptoms may develop rapidly  in type 1 diabetes, while they usually develop much more slowly and may be subtle or absent in type 2 diabetes. Other symptoms of diabetes include weight loss... Read More

Hyperglycemia

Image Hyperglycemia is a condition in which an excessive amount of glucose circulates in the blood plasma. This is generally a blood sugar level higher than 11.1 mmol/l (200 mg/dl). For diabetics, glucose levels that are considered to be too hyperglycemic can vary from person to person, mainly due to the person's renal threshold of glucose and overall glucose tolerance. The degree of hyperglycemia can change over time depending on the metabolic cause, for example, impaired glucose tolerance or fasting glucose, and it can depend on treatment. Temporary hyperglycemia is often benign and asymptomatic. Blood glucose levels can rise well above normal and cause pathological and functional changes for significant... Read More

Endocrine glands

Image Endocrine glands  Endocrine glands are ductless glands of the endocrine system that secrete their products, hormones, directly into the blood. The major glands of the endocrine system include the pineal gland, pituitary gland, pancreas, ovaries, testes, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, hypothalamus and adrenal glands. The pituitary gland hangs from the base of the brain by the pituitary stalk, and is enclosed by bone. It consists of a hormone-producing glandular portion the anterior pituitary and a neural portion the posterior pituitary, which is an extension of the hypothalamus. Four of the six anterior pituitary hormones are tropic hormones that regulate the function of other endocrine organs. Most anterior pituitary hormones exhibit a diurnal rhythm of release, which is subject to modification by stimuli influencing the hypothalamus.... Read More

Systematic Tissue Specific Approach for Examination and Conservative Management of Shoulder Pain.

Image The use of examination procedures to identify specific tissue involvement in painful conditions is a critical element in musculoskeletal physical therapy practice. Physical therapists can benefit from this approach to patient examination because it allows them to focus treatments on the specific causes of symptoms. The purpose of this case study is to describe a systematic approach to examination and treatment of shoulder pain through the identification of specific pain generators. The patient presented in this case had a five month onset of left anteriolateral shoulder pain. Based on the examination findings the physical therapy treatment diagnosis was subscapularis tendinopathy... Read More

Application of single cell epigenomics to cancer research and emerging techniques in the field.

Image Epigenomics encompasses studies of the chemical modifications of genomic DNA and associated histones, interactions between genomic DNA sequences and proteins, the dynamics of the chromosomal conformation, the functional relationships between these epigenetic events, and the regulatory impacts of these epigenetic events on gene expression in cells. In comparison to current techniques that are only capable of characterizing average epigenomics features across bulk cell ensembles, singlecell epigenomics methodologies are emerging as powerful new techniques to study cellular plasticity and heterogeneity, as seen in stem cells and cancer. Here we summarize available techniques for studies of single-cell epigenomics, review their current applications... Read More

Animal fancy

Image Animal fancy is a hobby involving the appreciation, promotion, or breeding of pet or domestic animals. Fancy may include ownership, showing, animal sports and other competitions, and breeding. Hobbyists may simply collect specimens of the animal in appropriate enclosures (vivaria), such as an aquarium, terrarium, or aviary. Some fanciers keep hobby farms, or menageries (private zoos). There are many animal fancy clubs and associations in the world, which cater to everything from pigeons to Irish Wolfhounds. Fanciers and fancierdom may collectively be referred to as the fancy for that kind of animal, e.g. the cat fancy. Animal-fancy hobbies... Read More

Animal breeding

Image Animal breeding is the process of selective mating of animals with desirable genetic traits, to maintain or enhance these traits in future generations. For livestock, this involves estimation of the genetic value of individuals for traits including growth rate and yield of products such as eggs, milk or meat. Animal breeding is a branch of animal science that addresses the evaluation of the genetic value of livestock. Selecting for breeding animals with superior EBV in growth rate, egg, meat, milk, or wool production, or with other desirable traits has revolutionized livestock production throughout the entire world. Animal breeding... Read More

Simple Electrolytic Redox Systems Formulation based on generalized electron balance (GEB) / generalized approach to electrolytic systems (GATES).

Image Redox reactions are characterized by the transfer of electrons between chemical species, (the reducing agent) undergoing oxidation (losing electrons) and (the oxidizing agent) undergoes reduction (gains electrons). The linear combination f12 = 2?f(O) – f(H) of elemental balances: f1 = f(H) for H, and f2 = f(O) for O is the basis to formulate the generalized electron balance (GEB) for electrolytic redox systems according to Approach II to GEB, realized within the generalized approach to electrolytic systems (GATES) as GATES/GEB. Together with charge balance (f0 = ChB) and K–2 elemental/core balances: f3,…,fK, the f12 completes the set of K balances... Read More

Exotic Animals

Image These odd animals can truly make a great pet, but make sure to do lots of your own research. The capybara is one of the largest rodents in the world and can weigh up to 140 pounds, but they sure are cute! They're semi-aquatic animals, so if you're looking to adopt a capybara, they'll definitely need access to water in order to swim around. Although mostly adorable and sweet, capybaras can be a challenging pet. They do better in groups as they are extremely social animals, so pet owners should avoid getting a single capybara. This semi-aquatic... Read More

Fused deposition modeling (FDM)

Image Fused deposition modeling (FDM) is a 3DP process that utilizes filament-type thermoplastics with a printer head that is capable of heating the filament to melting temperatures to create a structure from the bottom up. The printer nozzle moves back and forth according to the design described in the STL file format, adding layer by layer the filament until the structure is complete. The FDM is a precursor to the most widely used bioprinting technique, extrusion-based printing. The technologies are very similar except that extrusion printing does not usually need a heating element as most bioinks will not need to be... Read More

Marine biology

Image Marine biology is the scientific study of marine life, organisms in the sea. Given that in biology many phyla, families and genera have some species that live in the sea and others that live on land, marine biology classifies species based on the environment rather than on taxonomy. A large proportion of all life on Earth lives in the ocean. The exact size of this large proportion is unknown, since many ocean species are still to be discovered. The ocean is a complex three-dimensional world[3] covering approximately 71% of the Earth's surface. The habitats studied in marine biology include everything... Read More

Freshwater biology

Image Freshwater biology is the scientific biological study of freshwater ecosystems and is a branch of limnology. This field seeks to understand the relationships between living organisms in their physical environment. These physical environments may include rivers, lakes, streams, or wetlands. This discipline is also widely used in industrial processes to make use of biological processes such as sewage treatment and water purification. Water flow is an essential aspect to species distribution and influence when and where species interact in freshwater environments. In the UK the Freshwater Biological Association based near Windermere in Cumbria was one of the early institutions to... Read More

Animal conservation

Image Animal conservation is the act of protecting ecosystems and environments to protect the animals that live there. The importance of animal conservation is immeasurable, at a time where our planet is currently experiencing the sixth major extinction event in the 3.6 billion years that life has been on it. This is also the first extinction event caused by humans and the only one to occur since the dinosaurs were wiped out some 65 million years ago. This is at a time where the rubbish path in the Pacific ocean is larger than the U.S.A and where baby birds swallow more... Read More

Animal Biology

Image Animal biology is a science that focuses on the origins, behaviors and environments of non-plant organisms. Degree programs are available at the undergraduate and graduate degree levels of study. To learn more about career opportunities and academic requirements in this field, continue reading. Animal biology is the study of the chemical and physical makeup of animals. If you choose to study in the field, you will explore animal evolution, ecology, molecular biology, physiology and genetics. In some degree programs, the focus is on principles of biology that can be useful in solving problems that involve farm, urban, wild and domestic... Read More

ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Image Analytical chemistry is the science of obtaining, processing, and communicating information about the composition and structure of matter. In other words, it is the art and science of determining what matter is and how much of it exists. Analytical chemists use their knowledge of chemistry, instrumentation, computers, and statistics to solve problems in almost all areas of chemistry and for all kinds of industries. For example, their measurements are used to assure the safety and quality of food, pharmaceuticals, and water; to assure compliance with environmental and other regulations; to support the legal process; to help physicians diagnose diseases; and... Read More

Atrial septal defect in symptomatic children weighing ≤10 kg.

Image Atrial septal defect (ASD) Atrial sepal defect (ASD) constitutes 8%–10% of the congenital heart defects in children. The secundum ASD accounts for nearly 75% of all ASDs. Since the introduction of transcatheter device closure for secundum ASDs  there has been a paradigm shift in their management. Over the years, the procedure has evolved significantly to become a treatment of choice in many institutions. The Amplatzer septal occluder (ASO) is the most widely used device owing to its user-friendliness and high success rate. You can submit here any of the related topic to Insights in Pediatric... Read More

Biophotonics

Image Biophotonic imaging is rapidly emerging as a tool for clinical assessment of breast cancer at the microscopic and macroscopic scale. Optical biopsy uses near-infrared (NIR) light to analyze tumor margins and lymph nodes with micron-scale resolution intraoperatively. Optical mammography uses NIR light to gain spectroscopic information and three-dimensional images of whole breast tissues noninvasively. The following chapter will review the current research in the application of biophotonic imaging methods such as optical coherence tomography, multiphoton microscopy, vibrational imaging, near-infrared spectroscopy, diffuse optical tomography, and multimodal macroscale imaging for noninvasive diagnosis and intraoperative imaging of breast tumors and lymph nodes. Biophotonics... Read More

Nanophotonics

Image Nanophotonics or nano-optics is a part of nanotechnology that investigates the behavior of light on nanometer scales as well as interactions of nanometer-sized objects with light. Nanophotonics is also considered a branch of electrical engineering, optics, and optical engineering—as well as being a branch of nanotechnology. Nanophotonics often includes metallic components that can transport and focus light through surface plasmon polaritons In 2013, one group of researchers introduced IPKISS as a simple software framework used for the design of nanophotonic components. A few subcomponents of a nanophotonic circuit are displayed in Fig. 2.47. The resulting device consisted of submicrometer-wide silicon... Read More

Study of Spectroscopy

Image Spectroscopy, study of the absorption and emission of light and other radiation by matter, as related to the dependence of these processes on the wavelength of the radiation. More recently, the definition has been expanded to include the study of the interactions between particles such as electrons, protons, and ions, as well as their interaction with other particles as a function of their collision energy. Spectroscopic analysis has been crucial in the development of the most fundamental theories in physics, including quantum mechanics, the special and general theories of relativity, and quantum electrodynamics. Spectroscopy, as applied to high-energy collisions, has... Read More

An Introduction to Optoelectronics

Image The term optoelectronics is a specific discipline of electronics that focuses on light-emitting or light-detecting devices. Light-emitting devices use voltage and current to produce electromagnetic radiation (i.e., light). Such light-emitting devices are commonly used for purposes of illumination or as indicator lights. In contrast, light-detecting devices, such as phototransistors, are designed to convert received electromagnetic energy into electric current or voltage. Light-detecting devices can be used for light sensing and communication. Examples of these include darkness-activated switches and remote controls. In general terms, light-detecting devices work by using photons to liberate bound electrons within semiconductor materials. Photons are the fundamental... Read More

Study of Photonics

Image Photonics is the science of light. It is the technology of generating, controlling, and detecting light waves and photons, which are particles of light. The characteristics of the waves and photons can be used to explore the universe, cure diseases, and even to solve crimes. Scientists have been studying light for hundreds of years. The colors of the rainbow are only a small part of the entire light wave range, called the electromagnetic spectrum. Photonics explores a wider variety of wavelengths, from gamma rays to radio, including X-rays, UV and infrared light. It was only in the 17th century that... Read More

Laser Optics

Image Laser Optics are used in a wide range of laser instrumentation or laser applications, including beam steering or material processing. Laser Optics use specific substrates, coatings, or a combination of the two to provide superior performance at specific laser wavelengths or over a range of wavelengths. Many Laser Optics feature laser damage thresholds designed for pulsed or CW lasers. Using a Laser Optic that has a lower laser damage threshold than what the laser requires can lead to damaging the Optical Component. Edmund Optics offers a wide variety of Laser Optics, including Laser Lenses, Laser Mirrors, Laser Filters, along with... Read More

Quantum Optics

Image Quantum optics is a field of research that deals with the application of quantum mechanics to phenomena involving light and its interactions with matter. One of the main goals is to understand the quantum nature of information and to learn how to formulate, manipulate, and process it using physical systems that operate on quantum mechanical principles. Quantum communication is a field of applied quantum physics closely related to quantum information processing and quantum teleportation. Its most interesting application is protecting information channels against eavesdropping by means of quantum cryptography. The most well known and developed application of quantum cryptography is... Read More

Fiber Optics

Image Optical fibers are made from either glass or plastic. Most are roughly the diameter of a human hair, and they may be many miles long. Light is transmitted along the center of the fiber from one end to the other, and a signal may be imposed. Fiber optic systems are superior to metallic conductors in many applications. Their greatest advantage is bandwidth. Because of the wavelength of light, it is possible to transmit a signal that contains considerably more information than is possible with a metallic conductor — even a coaxial conductor. Other advantages include: • Electrical Isolation — Fiber... Read More

Nuclear Security

Image The Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) is a world summit, aimed at preventing nuclear terrorism around the globe. The first summit was held in Washington, D.C., United States, on April 12–13, 2010. The second summit was held in Seoul, South Korea, in 2012. The third summit was held in The Hague, Netherlands, on March 24–25, 2014. The fourth summit was held in Washington, D.C. on March 31–April 1, 2016 In 2009, U.S. President Obama delivered a speech in Prague in which he called nuclear terrorism one of the greatest threats to international security. With that in mind, Obama hosted the first... Read More

Missile defense

Image Missile defense is a system, weapon, or technology involved in the detection, tracking, interception, and destruction of attacking missiles. Originally conceived as a defense against nuclear-armed intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), its application has broadened to include shorter-ranged non-nuclear tactical and theater missiles. The United States, Russia, China, India, Israel, France, and Taiwan have all developed such air defense systems.[1] In the United States, missile defense was originally the responsibility of the U.S. Army. The U.S. Missile Defense Agency has developed maritime systems and command and control that will eventually be transferred to the Navy and Air Force for operation and... Read More

Strategic studies

Image Strategic studies is an interdisciplinary academic field centered on the study of conflict and peace strategies, often devoting special attention to the relationship between international politics, geostrategy, international diplomacy, international economics, and military power. In the scope of the studies are also subjects such as the role of intelligence, diplomacy, and international cooperation for security and defense. The subject is normally taught at the post-graduate academic or professional, usually strategic-political and strategic-military levels. The academic foundations of the subject began with classic texts initially from the Orient such as Sun Tzu’s Art of War and went on to gain a... Read More

Peace building

Image Peacebuilding is an activity that aims to resolve injustice in nonviolent ways and to transform the cultural & structural conditions that generate deadly or destructive conflict. It revolves around developing constructive personal, group, and political relationships across ethnic, religious, class, national, and racial boundaries. This process includes violence prevention; conflict management, resolution, or transformation; and post-conflict reconciliation or trauma healing, i.e., before, during, and after any given case of violence. As such, peacebuilding is a multidisciplinary, cross-sector technique or method which becomes strategic when it works over the long run and at all levels of society to establish and sustain... Read More

International relations

Image International relations (IR) or international affairs (IA) — commonly also referred to as international studies (IS), global studies (GS), or global affairs (GA) — is the study in interconnectedness of politics, economics and law on a global level. Depending on the academic institution, it is either a field of political science, an interdisciplinary academic field similar to global studies, or an entirely independent academic discipline in which students take a variety of internationally focused courses in social science and humanities disciplines. In all cases, the field studies relationships between political entities (polities) such as sovereign states, inter-governmental organizations (IGOs), international... Read More

National security

Image National security is the requirement to maintain the survival of the state through the use of economic power, diplomacy, power projection and political power. The concept developed mostly in the United States after World War II. Initially focusing on military might, it now encompasses a broad range of facets, all of which impinge on the non military or economic security of the nation and the values espoused by the national society. Accordingly, in order to possess national security, a nation needs to possess economic security, energy security, environmental security, etc. Security threats involve not only conventional foes such as other... Read More

Military technology

Image Military technology is the application of technology for use in warfare. It comprises the kinds of technology that are distinctly military in nature and not civilian in application, usually because they lack useful or legal civilian applications, or are dangerous to use without appropriate military training. The technology of war may be divided into five categories. Offensive arms harm the enemy, while defensive weapons ward off offensive blows. Transportation technology moves soldiers and weaponry; communications coordinate the movements of armed forces; and sensors detect forces and guide weaponry. From the earliest times, a critical relationship has existed between military technology,... Read More

Terrorism and Counter terrorism

Image The Netherlands is working to combat terrorism in a variety of ways. For example, it monitors potential terrorists, promptly identifies individuals who may be becoming radicalised and provides at-risk people and buildings with additional security. Terrorist offences are crimes carried out with the intent to cause terror. Terrorist intent is a circumstance that makes the punishment more severe. So the sentence for an offence carried out with terrorist intent will be harsher  than for the basic offence alone. This applies not only to people who carry out attacks but also to those who intend to carry out an attack. For... Read More

Bioinformatics: Basics, Development, and Future

Image Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary scientific field of life sciences. Bioinformatics research and application include the analysis of molecular sequence and genomics data; genome annotation, gene/protein prediction, and expression profiling; molecular folding, modeling, and design; building biological networks; development of databases and data management systems; development of software and analysis tools; bioinformatics services and workflow; mining of biomedical literature and text; and bioinformatics education and training. Astronomical accumulation of genomics, proteomics, and metabolomics data as well as a need for their storage, analysis, annotation, organization, systematization, and integration into biological networks and database systems were the main driving forces for the... Read More

Public Health Science

Image Public Health Science is the art of preventing disease, increasing longevity of life and promoting health through efforts and choices made by society, public and private organizations, the community and by individuals. Public Health Science deals with dangers to the public health of a population, whether small or large (i.e. populations of a continent) to improve the quality of health and the quality of life in through detecting and preventing disease and other physical and mental health conditions, promoting health behaviors, tracking cases and health indicators. Public Health Science uses a multi-disciplinary method incorporating epidemiology, biostatistics and health services.  Health... Read More

A Look at Pharmacy Informatics

Image Pharmacy informatics is defined by the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists as the integration and use of knowledge, information, technology, data and automation in the medication-use process. The practice is meant to streamline patient care and outcomes while enhancing efficiency and accuracy in the administration of medications. Often coinciding with the use of electronic health records (EHR), pharmacy informatics is being used to replace paper-and-pen prescriptions to provide more precision and clarity for medication suppliers. Although not perfect, this technological practice has fast proven itself effective as an aid to error prevention while streamlining operations, information sharing and more. Examples of... Read More

Patient care: what is it?

Image When first asked to write about patient care it seemed an easy enough task. As a healthcare provider I give and do patient care. However, I started thinking just what is it I mean by ‘patient care’ and what’s involved when I am doing it. “the services rendered by members of the health professions for the benefit of a patient” and then recommends we also see the definition of ‘treatment’: “care of a patient.” This is too vague for me to get a real picture of what patient care means. It also equates care with treatment. Newer health care professionals,... Read More

Electronic Health Records

Image The Electronic Health Record (EHR)– then called the Electronic Medical Record (EMR) or Computerized Patient Record (CPR)– received it first real validation in an Institute of Medicine's (IOM) report in 1991 entitled "The Computer-Based Patient Record: An Essential Technology for Health Care IOM drove home the idea that the EHR is needed to transform the health system to improve quality and enhance safety. The specialty of family medicine has also stated that the EHR is a core technology for the future of family medicine in the Future of Family Medicine Project. This project outlines a "New Model" of care for... Read More

Nursing Informatics

Image Nursing informatics is a field of nursing that incorporates nursing, computer, and information sciences to maintain and develop medical data and systems to support the practice of nursing, and to improve patient care outcomes. Technologies that have evolved due to health care/nursing informatics include: Computerized provider order entry (CPOE) Electronic medical records (EMRs) Test results Progress notes Nursing notes Medication records Nurses need information to care for patients safely. They need to be able to access medical histories, medication lists, lab and imaging results, and physician/interdisciplinary team notes to get a complete picture of... Read More

Clinical informatics

Image Clinical informatics is the study of information technology and how it can be applied to the healthcare field. It includes the study and practice of an information-based approach to healthcare delivery in which data must be structured in a certain way to be effectively retrieved and used in a report or evaluation. Clinical informatics can be applied in a range of healthcare settings including hospital, physician’s practice, military and others. Providers in today’s healthcare industry increasingly rely on data and technology to provide treatments for patients. Physicians, nurses, dentists, pharmacists, rehab therapists, assistants and a host of others collect and... Read More

Health Informatics

Image Health Informatics (HI) basically defines how health information is technically captured, transmitted and utilized. New technology can be an integral part of medicine, and health informatics is no exception. Healthcare informatics is the science that underlies the fusion of health care, information technology, and business administration, and guides into all aspects of the patient health experience, including clinical care, nursing, pharmacy and public health. Not only does healthcare informatics focus on the implementation and optimization of the information systems that support clinical practice, it creates the infrastructure that connects and enables the flow of critical information to and from each... Read More

Biomimetic polymer-based materials

Image Scaffolds are considered promising materials for tissue engineering applications due to their unique physiochemical properties. The high porosity and adequate mechanical properties of the scaffolds facilitate greater cell adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation. Stem cells are frequently applied in tissue engineering applications due to their excellent potential. It has been noted that cell functions are profoundly affected by the nature of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Naturally derived ECM contains the bioactive motif that also influences the immune response of the organism. The properties of polymer scaffolds mean they can resemble the native ECM and can regulate cellular responses. Various techniques such... Read More

Electroactive Polymers

Image Electroactive polymers are polymers that exhibit a change in size or shape when stimulated by an electric field. The most common applications of this type of material are in actuators and sensors A typical characteristic property of an EAP is that they will undergo a large amount of deformation while sustaining large forces. The majority of historic actuators are made of ceramic piezoelectric materials. While these materials are able to withstand large forces, they commonly will only deform a fraction of a percent. In the late 1990s, it has been demonstrated that some EAPs can exhibit up to a 380% strain, which is much more than any ceramic actuator. One of the most... Read More

Polymer nanotechnology

Image In the large field of nanotechnology, polymer matrix based nanocomposites have become a prominent area of current research and development. Exfoliated clay-based nanocomposites have dominated the polymer literature but there are a large number of other significant areas of current and emerging interest. This review will detail the technology involved with exfoliated clay-based nanocomposites and also include other important areas including barrier properties, flammability resistance, biomedical applications, electrical/electronic/optoelectronic applications and fuel cell interests. The important question of the “nano-effect” of nanoparticle or fiber inclusion relative to their larger scale counterparts is addressed relative to crystallization and glass transition behavior. Of... Read More

Biodegradable Plastics

Image Biodegradable plastic is plastic that decomposes naturally in the environment. This is achieved when microorganisms in the environment metabolize and break down the structure of biodegradable plastic. The end result is one which is less harmful to the environment than traditional plastics. Biodegradable plastics can be composed of bio-plastics, which are plastics made from renewable raw materials. There are normally two forms of biodegradable plastic, injection molded and solid. The solid forms normally are used for items such as food containers, leaf collection bags, and water bottles. Biodegradable plastics are made from all-natural plant materials. These can include corn oil,... Read More

High Performance Plastics Used in the Automotive Industry

Image   High performance plastics are playing an important role in the automotive industry these days. The light weight of plastics makes for more fuel efficient vehicles. It is estimated that every 10% reduction in vehicle weight results in a 5% to 7% reduction in fuel usage. Current economic and environmental concerns make the creation of more fuel efficient cars a top priority in the automotive industry. The use of modern materials like aluminium and carbon fiber are helpful, but the wise allocation of  plastics are making an increasing difference. Some other advantages of high performance plastics used in transport vehicles include: minimal corrosion,... Read More

Physical Growth Trend on the Fringe of the Dhaka South City: A Case Study of Saddam Market Area, Kadamtali

Image This paper may be considered as a complete sketch that is based on remote sensing data and field work carried out in Saddam market area located in Kadamtali Thana, Dhaka South City Corporation. Uneven land reform and entangled land-use regulations are extensively regarded as the key to urban growth in large cities in Bangladesh. Although the significance of land issues has been substantially recognized, conflicts regarding land finance seem to be a generally under-evaluated factor in explaining the phenomenon of urban growth. This study conducted an extensive literature research and proposed a conceptual framework to demonstrate the effects of land... Read More

Polymers In Food Packaging

Image Food packaging plays an important role in the food Industry. Packaging preserves food and protects it from distribution hazards. Polymers serve as a key role in this process. Their mechanical strength, cost efficiency, and ease of manufacturing make polymers a good packaging product. However, past reviews have recently surfaced many issues with the packaging polymers currently used in the industry. These issues can lead to the leaching of toxic chemicals, the environmental impact on packaging polymers, and economic impact of the industry. According to a recent study, the packaging industry contributes significantly to the economy. The United States has a... Read More

Energy Conversion and Storage

Image   Polymers have triggered considerable research interest in the fields of energy storage and conversion. This is due to their wide range of properties, great design flexibility, easy processability, and low cost. Consequently, polymers play important roles in a vast variety of applications such as in alkali metal ion batteries, thermal interface materials, redox-flow batteries, and (photo)/electrocatalysis. Over the past decade, there has been tremendous progress in the design and synthesis of polymers with desirable molecular structures, allowing for quick and easy tailoring of their physicochemical, mechanical, thermal, and viscoelastic properties. This has led to significant advances in practical applications... Read More

Polymer Surfaces, Interfaces and Thin Films

Image Neutron reflectometry can be used in various ways to investigate surfaces, interfaces and thin films of polymers. Its potential comes mostly from the possibilities offered by selective deuteration, where a particular component can be made visible with respect to its activity at the interface. In addition the depth resolution is much better than with most other direct techniques, and details of the profiles may be resolved. Several examples will be discussed including the segment diffusion at the interface between two polymer films, the determination of the narrow interfaces between incompatible polymer blends and the development of order in thin diblock... Read More

Types of sports injuries

Image Sports injuries occur during exercise or while participating in a sport. Children are particularly at risk for these types of injuries, but adults can get them, too. Different sports injuries produce different symptoms and complications. The most common types of sports injuries include: Sprains: Overstretching or tearing the ligaments results in a sprain. Ligaments are pieces of tissue that connect two bones to one another in a joint. Strains: Overstretching or tearing muscles or tendons results in a sprain. Tendons are thick, fibrous cords of tissue that connect bone to muscle. Strains are commonly mistaken for sprains. Here’s how tell... Read More

Study of Chondroplasty

Image Chondroplasty is a surgical procedure used to smooth damaged cartilage in the knee. The goal of the surgery is to lessen friction in the joint, allowing the knee to move freely and without pain. The knee joint is covered in articular cartilage, which is a smooth tissue that allows the joint to move without friction. Trauma and degenerative conditions can damage the cartilage and cause it to become rough. Studies have found that the majority of patients who undergo chondroplasty are satisfied with the results of the procedure. Chondroplasty is done arthroscopically. This means that a thin instrument made up... Read More

Study of Musculoskeletal System

Image The skeletal system includes the bones of the skeleton and the cartilages, ligaments, and other connective tissue that stabilize or connect the bones. In addition to supporting the weight of the body, bones work together with muscles to maintain body position and to produce controlled, precise movements. Without the skeleton to pull against, contracting muscle fibers could not make us sit, stand, walk, or run. The skeletal system includes the bones of the skeleton and the cartilages, ligaments, and other connective tissue that stabilize or connect the bones. In addition to supporting the weight of the body, bones work together... Read More

Study of Orthopedic Trauma

Image Orthopedic trauma is a broad term describing all kinds of injuries affecting the bones, joints, muscles, tendons, and ligaments in any part of the body that are caused by trauma. The term is wide-ranging and may refer to minor fractures or severely broken bones with a direct threat to the patient’s life. It is considered as a sub-specialty of orthopaedic surgery and is focused on treating fractured bones and making sure the injured part of the body regains its original strength and maximum function it used to have prior to the injury. Minor injuries are sometimes difficult to treat, as... Read More

SPINE DISORDERS

Image There are many recognized spinal diseases, some more common than others. Spinal disease also includes cervical spine diseases, which are diseases in the vertebrae of the neck. A lot of flexibility exists within the cervical spine and because of that, it is common for an individual to damage that area, especially over a long period of time. Some of the common cervical spine diseases include degenerative disc disease, cervical stenosis, and cervical disc herniation. Degenerative disc disease occurs over time when the discs within each vertebra in the neck begin to fall apart and begin to disintegrate. Because each vertebra... Read More

FRACTURE

Image A fracture is the medical term for a broken bone.Fractures are common, The average person has two during a lifetime. They occur when the physical force exerted on the bone is stronger than the bone itself. Your risk of fracture depends, in part, on your age. Broken bones are very common in childhood, although children's fractures are generally less complicated than fractures in adults. As you age, your bones become more brittle and you are more likely to suffer fractures from falls that would not occur when you were young. There are many types of fractures, but the main categories... Read More

Rheumatoid

Image Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints. Autoimmune diseases are illnesses that occur when the body's tissues are mistakenly attacked by their own immune system. The immune system contains a complex organization of cells and antibodies designed normally to "seek and destroy" invaders of the body, particularly infections. Patients with autoimmune diseases have antibodies and immune cells in their blood that target their own body tissues, where they can be associated with inflammation. While joint tissue inflammation and inflammatory arthritis are classic RA features, the disease can also cause extra-articular inflammation and injury... Read More

What is osteoarthritis

Image Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common chronic (long-lasting) joint condition.A joint is where two bones come together. The ends of these bones are covered with protective tissue called cartilage. With OA, this cartilage breaks down, causing the bones within the joint to rub together. This can cause pain, stiffness, and other symptoms.OA occurs most often in older people, although it can occur in adults of any age. OA is also called degenerative joint disease, degenerative arthritis, and wear-and-tear arthritis.A leading cause of disability, OA affects more than 30 million men and womenTrusted Source in the United States. Here’s everything you... Read More

STUDY OF DNA Probe

Image DNA probes and sample DNAs or RNAs are capable of hybridizing each other through the complementary base-pairing and result in double-stranded hybrid formation. The strength of DNA probe hybridization to sample molecules is determined by the stability of the hybrid duplex formed. The other parts of each sample molecule, which is usually longer than DNA probe, remains on either side of the hybrid duplex and does not affect the hybridization strength since they have no interactions with the probe. The formed hybrid duplexes may be melted into single-stranded random coils by elevating temperature. Their thermal stability under a given solvent... Read More

Electroblotting

Image Blotting is a technique for the electrophoretic transfer of DNA, RNA or protein to a suitable membrane. The method most commonly used for the electrotransfer of proteins to nitrocellulose is that reported by Towbin et al. (1979). This technique was patented in 1989 by William J. Littlehales under the title "Electroblotting technique for transferring specimens from a polyacrylamide electrophoresis or like gel onto a membrane." Transfer of the proteins can be carried out using several methods such as vacuum, capillary or electric field. Electroblotting is by far the most wide-spread technique which utilizes either vertical buffer tanks or semi-dry blotting..... Read More

Molecular Cloning

Image Molecular cloning is an essential technique to create DNA-based experimental tools for expression in bacterial or mammalian cells. Examples of such DNA constructs include a promoter element fused to a reporter gene or a cDNA sequence under the control of a ubiquitous promoter. Molecular cloning entails the preparation of the vector and insert DNAs, ligation of the insert into the vector, transformation of competent E. coli, and identification of positive clones Traditionally, molecular cloning is defined as the isolation and amplification of a specific DNA fragment. Most of these fragments are created either by digesting an existing piece of DNA... Read More

Gluten Introduction and the Risk of Coeliac Disease: A Position Paper by the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

Image The Journal focuses on children, coeliac disease, gluten, infant feeding, nutrition, and recommendations. The objective is to provide updated recommendations regarding gluten introduction in infants and the risk of developing coeliac disease (CD) during childhood. The risk of inducing CD through a gluten-containing diet exclusively applies to persons carrying at least one of the CD risk alleles. Because genetic risk alleles are generally not known in an infant at the time of solid food introduction, the following recommendations apply to all infants, although they are derived from studying families with first-degree relatives with CD. Although breast-feeding should... Read More

Guideline for the Evaluation of Cholestatic Jaundice in Infants: Joint Recommendations of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

Image The Journal focuses on biliary atresia, hepatoportoenterostomy, Kasai, liver biopsy, neonatal cholestasis, neonatal jaundice, and radionuclide scan. Cholestatic jaundice in infancy affects approximately 1 in every 2500 term infants and is infrequently recognized by primary providers in the setting of physiologic jaundice. Cholestatic jaundice is always pathologic and indicates hepatobiliary dysfunction. Early detection by the primary care physician and timely referrals to the pediatric gastroenterologist/hepatologist are important contributors to optimal treatment and prognosis. The most common causes of cholestatic jaundice in the first months of life are biliary atresia (25%–40%) followed by an expanding list of monogenic... Read More

Measuring Mindfulness in Insight Meditation (Vipassana) and Meditation-Based Psychotherapy: The Development of the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI) by Nina Buchheld1, Paul Grossman2 and HaraldWalach3

Image The Journal focuses on Mindfulness Meditation, Insight Meditation, Vipassana, Measurement Instrument, Questionnaire, and Assessment. Mindfulness meditation research has in recent years become a burgeoning field of investigation, particularly related to treatment of health-related disorders. Nevertheless, the construct of mindfulness has not yet been subjected to scientific validation. The aim of this study has been the empirical analysis of the Buddhist concept of mindfulness and the construction of a measurement scale that operationalizes the construct. The stages of development of a self-evaluative mindfulness inventory are presented in three phases: 1. construction of a pool of items, 2. expert... Read More

Introduction to the Molecular Recognition and Self-Assembly Special Feature

Image Molecular recognition is a mature branch of chemical science, and why shouldn't it be? Decades of studies in physical organic chemistry have defined and evaluated the weak intermolecular forces involved when 2 molecules encounter each other. Every bimolecular reaction, whether it occurs in the gas phase, dilute solution, or an enzyme's interior, begins with a recognition event. It is an apt time to explore recognition in a larger context, that of multicomponent assemblies, and this special issue of 14 contributions is a beginning Molecules can be made to self-assemble spontaneously into multicomponent, complex structures when they are instructed to do... Read More

Loving-Kindness Meditation Increases Social Connectedness

Image The Journal focuses on meditation, compassion, prosocial emotion, emotion regulation, implicit affect. Meditation is a practice where an individual uses a technique – such as mindfulness, or focusing the mind on a particular object, thought, or activity – to train attention and awareness, and achieve a mentally clear and emotionally calm and stable state. Compassion motivates people to go out of their way to help the physical, mental, or emotional pains of another and themselves. The need for social connection is a fundamental human motive, and it is increasingly clear that feeling socially connected confers mental and... Read More

Dissociatives

Image Dissociatives Dissociatives are a class of hallucinogen which distort perceptions of sight and sound and produce feelings of detachment – dissociation – from the environment and self. This is done through reducing or blocking signals to the conscious mind from other parts of the brain.Although many kinds of drugs are capable of such action, dissociatives are unique in that they do so in such a way that they produce hallucinogenic effects, which may include sensory deprivation, dissociation, hallucinations, and dream-like states or trances. Some, which are nonselective in action and affect the dopamine and/or opioid systems, may be capable of inducing euphoria. Many dissociatives have general depressant effects and can produce sedation, respiratory depression, analgesia, anesthesia, and ataxia, as well as cognitive and memory impairment and amnesia. Effects... Read More

Cannabis

Image Cannabis Cannabis, also known as marijuana among other names, is a psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant used for medical or recreational purposes. The primary psychoactive component of cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), one of the 483 known compounds in the plant, including at least 65 other cannabinoids. Cannabis can be used by smoking, vaporizing, within food, or as an extract. Cannabis has mental and physical effects. It causes a high, or stoned, feeling and other effects including a general change in perception, difficulty thinking, impaired short-term memory, altered sense of time, impaired body movement, relaxation, and an increase in appetite. At high doses, mental effects include psychosis, delusions, hallucinations, paranoia, and ideas of reference, sometimes with anxiety and panic. Its physical effects include increased heart rate, difficulty breathing, nausea, and behavioral... Read More

Food Microbiology

Image Microorganisms are of great significance to foods for the following reasons: (1) microorganisms can cause spoilage of foods, (2) microorganisms are used to manufacture a wide variety of food products, and (3) microbial diseases can be transmitted by foods. Foods can be considered as a medium for microbial growth. Considering the vast array of sources, substances, and methods with which food is produced, practically every kind of microbe is a potential contaminant. Given a chance to grow, microbes will produce changes in appearance, flavour, odour, and other qualities of the food. The changes vary according to the type of food... Read More

Are bacteria potential sources of fish environmental DNA

Image The environmental DNA (eDNA) method is being increasingly applied in various environments. Although eDNA undergoes rapid degradation in aqueous environments, it has been detected in streams up to 10 km downstream from its source. As environmental bacteria can uptake free DNA, transfer their genetic traits, and amplify, there is a potential risk that they, rather than a target aquatic species, could become a source of measured eDNA. This study examined whether bacteria with incorporated fish DNA could be such a source by investigating the detectability of fish DNA generated by bacteria inhabiting river water and riverbed sediment. We attempted to... Read More

The effect of storage conditions on microbial communities in stool

Image Microbiome research has experienced a surge of interest in recent years due to the advances and reduced cost of next-generation sequencing technology. The production of high quality and comparable data is dependent on proper sample collection and storage and should be standardized as far as possible. However, this becomes challenging when samples are collected in the field, especially in resource-limited settings. We investigated the impact of different stool storage methods common to the TB-CHAMP clinical trial on the microbial communities in stool. Ten stool samples were subjected to DNA extraction after 48-hour storage at -80°C, room temperature and in a... Read More

Evaluation of mitochondrial DNA copy number estimation techniques

Image Mitochondrial dysfunction has long been known to play an important role in the underlying etiology of several aging-related diseases, including cardiovascular disease (CVD), neurodegenerative disorders and cancer. As an easily measurable and accessible proxy for mitochondrial function, mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNA-CN) is increasingly used to assess the role of mitochondria in disease. Several population-based studies have shown higher levels of mtDNA-CN to be associated with decreased incidence for CVD and its component parts: coronary artery disease (CAD) and stroke,  neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s, as well as several types of cancer including breast, kidney, liver and colorectal[6–8].... Read More

INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Image Inorganic chemistry  It deals with the synthesis and behavior of inorganic and organometallic compounds. This field covers all chemical compounds except the myriad organic compounds (carbon-based compounds, usually containing C-H bonds), which are the subjects of organic chemistry. The distinction between the two disciplines is far from absolute, as there is much overlap in the subdiscipline of organometallic chemistry. It has applications in every aspect of the chemical industry, including catalysis, materials science, pigments, surfactants, coatings, medications, fuels, and agriculture. Compounds Many inorganic compounds are ionic compounds, consisting of cations and anions joined by ionic bonding. Examples of salts (which are ionic compounds) are magnesium chloride MgCl2, which consists of magnesium cations Mg2+ and chloride anions Cl−; or sodium oxide Na2O, which consists of sodium cations Na+ and oxide anions O2−. In any salt, the proportions of the ions are such... Read More

Echocardiogram

Image An echocardiogram uses sound waves to produce images of your heart. This common test allows your doctor to see your heart beating and pumping blood. Your doctor can use the images from an echocardiogram to identify heart disease. Depending on what information your doctor needs, you may have one of several types of echocardiograms. Each type of echocardiogram involves few, if any, risks. Transthoracic echocardiogram In this standard type of echocardiogram: A technician (sonographer) spreads gel on a device (transducer). The sonographer presses the transducer firmly against your skin, aiming an ultrasound beam through your chest to your heart.... Read More

The Role of Bacteria in Fermentation

Image Fermentation Fermentation bacteria are anaerobic, but use organic molecules as their final electron acceptor to produce fermentation end-products. Streptococcus, Lactobacillus, and Bacillus, for example, produce lactic acid, while Escherichia and Salmonella produce ethanol, lactic acid, succinic acid, acetic acid, CO2, and H2. Fermenting bacteria have characteristic sugar fermentation patterns, i.e., they can metabolize some sugars but not others. For example, Neisseria meningitidis ferments glucose and maltose, but not sucrose and lactose, while Neisseria gonorrhoea ferments glucose, but not maltose, sucrose or lactose. Such fermentation patterns can be used to identify and classify bacteria. Pasteurization Pasteur described the spoilage by bacteria of alcohol during fermentation as being a "disease" of wine and beer. His work... Read More

Microwave Characterization of Silicon Carbide Sample at the ISM Band from 25°C to 165°C

Image This article presents a microwave characterization at the ISM band (2.45 GHz) for the dielectric properties of a Silicon Carbide sample with high loss tangent from 25°C to 165°C. Different techniques were used to characterize the SiC sample: the cylindrical resonant cavity technique in transmission and reflection mode, the microstrip ring resonator and finally the near field microwave microscopy. The results obtained by the cylindrical resonant cavity (transmissionand reflection) are in good agreement, the relative permittivity and the loss tangent of the SiC increase with temperature by 48% and 190% respectively between 25°C and 165°C. These techniques are accurate but... Read More

STEM CELL BIO-PROCESSING

Image INTRODUCTION The potential of stem cell research for tissue engineering-based therapies and regenerative medicine clinical applications has become well established. In 2006, Chung pioneered the first entire organ transplant using adult stem cells and a scaffold for clinical evaluation. With this a new milestone was achieved, with seven patients with myelomeningocele receiving stem cell-derived bladder transplants resulting in substantial improvements in their quality of life. While a bladder is a relatively simple organ, the breakthrough highlights the incredible benefits that can be gained from the cross-disciplinary nature of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine that encompasses stem cell research and stem... Read More

Hip Arthoplasty (APJOT)

Image The hip is one of the body's largest joints. It is a ball-and-socket joint. The socket is formed by the acetabulum, which is part of the large pelvis bone. The ball is the femoral head, which is the upper end of the femur (thighbone). The bone surfaces of the ball and socket are covered with articular cartilage, a smooth tissue that cushions the ends of the bones and enables them to move easily. A thin tissue called synovial membrane surrounds the hip joint. In a healthy hip, this membrane makes a small amount of fluid that lubricates the cartilage and... Read More

Informatics and Data Science in Medical Imaging

Image Journal of Clinical & Experimental Radiology (JCER) is a peer reviewed Open Access journal that publishes latest advancements and innovations in the field of Clinical radiology and its impact on healthcare practices. The Journal aims to provide a forum for widespread dispersal of research in diagnostic and therapeutic Radiology and Imaging Science covering all the research areas of Medical Imaging Studies that encompasses: Big data is an evolving topic of research in recent years and provides much promise in all fields, including medicine and radiology. The purpose of this literature review is to define big data, and... Read More

Conservation and Sustainable Use of Sorghum Genetic Resources

Image Journal of Biodiversity Management & Forestry is a peer-reviewed scholarly online journal and aims to publish the most complete and reliable source of information on the discoveries and current developments in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in all major themes pertaining to biodiversity & forest management and wildlife management making them accessible online freely without any restrictions or any other subscriptions to researchers worldwide. Biodiversity is the variety and variability of life on Earth. Biodiversity is typically a measure of variation at the genetic, species, and ecosystem level. Terrestrial biodiversity is usually greater near the equator which is the result of... Read More

Role of Cell Injections in Decreasing the Rejection of a Transplanted Organ

Image Transplants can be life-saving, but to stop the donor organ being rejected by the recipient’s immune system, people have to take several drugs that have serious side. A study reported that, a one-off injection of cells could be a long-sought solution to the problem of the body rejecting an organ transplant. We look forward to hear your opinions and views on this topic at transplant@scitecjournals.com. Please feel free to share your views and opinions at to make the people aware of the medical facts. For more details go through the below link https://www.scitechnol.com/archive-otology-rhinology.php... Read More

Workplace Ergonomics

Image Workplace ergonomics is the science of designing the workplace, keeping in mind the capabilities and limitations of the worker. Poor worksite design leads to fatigued, frustrated and hurting workers. A workplace ergonomics improvement process removes risk factors that lead to musculoskeletal injuries and allows for improved human performance and productivity. Views and Opinions regarding the developments in workplace ergonomics can be shared at ergonomics@scitecjournals.com. For more details kindly go through the below link. https://www.scitechnol.com/journal-ergonomics-research.php... Read More

Cleft Palate Surgery Made Easy by Distraction Osteogenesis

Image A procedure that uses the mechanical force of an appliance to lengthen soft tissue and bone, may be a feasible and effective method to repair cleft palate in the future. More suggestions or discussion in detail of this topic is welcomed at the journal office at otorhino@peerjournal.org. Kindly, browse through the link provided below for more updates regarding the journal. https://www.scitechnol.com/otology-rhinology.php ... Read More

Cure of Scheurmann’s Disease in an Adult Male by checking Effect of Conservative Treatment with Physiotherapy.

Image Scheuermann’s Disease is the developmental disorder of spine in which wedge shaped vertebrae of thoracic spine are found which leads to excessive curvature and postural abnormality that causes stiffness and pain in upper back and later compromise of respiratory functions and disability occurs. For investigation of the effect of spinal mobilization, breathing exercise and home exercises in an adolescent with Scheuermann’s Disease. The study was done on a 17 years old boy with the complaint of severe low back pain. An exercise program was given for 45 minutes for 8 weeks which included postural correction, strengthening and breathing retraining with... Read More

Recurrent Hydatidiform Mole in women due to NLRP7 gene Mutation.

Image Familial Recurrent Hydatidiform Moles is a rare condition where patients have an inherited predisposition to have molar pregnancies. Molar pregnancy is an abnormal form of pregnancy in which a non-viable fertilized egg implants in the uterus and fail to survive. A molar pregnancy is a gestational trophoblastic disease growing into a mass in the uterus that swollen chorionic villi. Here a case of a young woman present with a recessive intron 7 mutation of the NLRP7 gene this led her to have two hydatidiform moles. Due to the future reproductive implications this condition has, an appropriate counseling about these issues... Read More

Capacity of dynamic buffer in redox reaction system.

Image A buffer is a solution containing either a weak acid and its salt or a weak base and its salt, which is resistant to changes in pH. The buffer capacity concept is extended on dynamic redox systems, realized according to titrimetric mode, where changes in pH are accompanied by changes in potential E values;( +ve or –ve E values) it is the basic novelty of the paper. Two examples of monotonic course of the related curves of potential E vs. Φ and pH vs. Φ relationships were considered. The systems were modeled according to GATES/GEB (Generalized Approach to Electrolytic Systems)/(Generalized... Read More

HIGH-THROUGHPUT SCREENING IN DRUG METABOLISM AND PHARMACOKINETIC SUPPORT OF DRUG DISCOVERY

Image The Journal focuses on ‘in vitro’, in vivo, cytochrome P450, Caco-2, and hepatocytes. In vitro studies are performed with microorganisms, cells, or biological molecules outside their normal biological context. Studies that are in vivo are those in which the effects of various biological entities are tested on whole, living organisms or cells, usually animals, including humans, and plants, as opposed to a tissue extract or dead organism. Cytochromes P450 (CYPs) are a superfamily of enzymes containing heme as a cofactor that function as monooxygenases. The Caco-2 cell line is a continuous line of heterogeneous human epithelial colorectal... Read More

Cytochromes P450 and experimental models of drug metabolism

Image The Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences & Emerging Drugs  (JPSED) promotes latest research that makes a significant contribution in advancing knowledge of scientific disciplines that are critical to the discovery and development of new drugs and therapies. Journal emphasizes on all aspects of the pharmaceutical sciences which includes a wide range of fields in its discipline like Pharmacology, Pharmaceutics, Pharmaceutical Analysis, Medicinal Chemistry, Drug Metabolism, Drug Action, Drug Delivery, Drug Discovery, Drug Targeting and Clinical Sciences. The Journal focuses on cytochrome P450, drug metabolism and inter-species differences. Cytochromes P450 (CYP) is enzymes known for their... Read More

Power Electronics Converters for Wind Turbine Systems

Image Journal of Industrial Electronics and Applications is an open access, peer- reviewed, scientific journal aims to publish different formats of high quality literary works such as research articles, reviews, abstracts, commentaries, book reviews, rapid communications, letters to the editor, annual meeting abstracts, conference proceedings, case-reports, discussions, meeting-reports and news. Our Journal aims to provide a platform for researchers and practitioners to present novel, unpublished research and recent developments in the area of Industrial Electronics and its applications.  The Journal focuses on multilevel converters, power electronic conversion, renewable energy, semiconductor device reliability, and wind energy.The steady growth of... Read More

Power Electronics as Efficient Interface in Dispersed Power Generation Systems

Image The Journal focuses on Distributed power generation, fuel cells, photovoltaic (PV), power electronics, renewable energy, wind energy. Distributed generation is a variety of technologies that generate electricity at or near where it will be used, such as solar panels and combined heat and power. A fuel cell is an electrochemical cell that converts the chemical energy of a fuel and an oxidizing agent into electricity through a pair of redox reactions. Photovoltaic is the conversion of light into electricity using semiconducting materials that exhibit the photovoltaic effect, a phenomenon studied in physics, photochemistry, and electrochemistry. ... Read More

Phenylketonuria and Genetics

Image Journal of Genetics Disorder & Genetic Reports is a peer reviewed journal strives to publish high quality articles on emerging developments and supports current research in the field of genetic disease and genomes. As our journal has completed 10 years we are celebrating 10th anniversary we have announced almost 50 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary so we are inviting eminent researches, fellow-mans, science students, scientists for the submission of their valuable, innovative articles which would be helpful to our journal publication in forth coming issue (volume 9, issue 1). ... Read More

Genetic Analysis of Common Variants of MMPs and their Involvement in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Image Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that can affect more than just your joints. In some people, the condition can damage a wide variety of body systems, including the skin, eyes, lungs, heart and blood vessels. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) affects around 1% of population and causes irreversible synovial joint damage and bone erosion. Matrix metallo proteinases (MMPs) play a role in pathologic processes; however their involvement in RA is not clear. This study investigated the association of MMP2, MMP7 and MMP9 with RA.... Read More

For Ischemic Stroke patient, use of ICF in physiotherapy management: A case study.

Image Globally, CVA is the most common cause of disability and death. Each year approximately 5.5 million people are killed by stroke. In Bangladesh stroke is the ‘third’ leading causes of death. Physiotherapy management is evidence-based treatment approach that has short-term and long-term effect on functional outcome in patients with CVA. The ICF play an important role in functioning and health for patient with stroke. A case-based study was conducted. The problem was found by implementing International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF).... Read More

Sodium Hydroxide Medium Discoloring the Crystal Violet Dye: Kinetic Study

Image The kinetics of discoloration of dye, crystal violet was investigated through pseudo first order kinetic at λmax587 nm. The reaction was depended on [CV] and [OH-]. An inversely proportional relation was observed between ionic strength and pseudo first order rate constant i.e. decrease in rate constant and increase in ionic strength. A plausible association mechanism was provided in agreement with the kinetic and spectroscopic results by calculating activation parameter. Spectrophotometric titration revealed the ratio of consumption of crystal violet to hydroxyl ion which is 1:1.... Read More

NITEGE-Expression in Meniscal Matrix. A New, Immunohistochemical Marker of Meniscal-Tissue Degeneration (APJOT)

Image No marker reflecting the pathobiology of meniscal degeneration (MD) is established so far. NITEGE is a hexapeptide fragments produced when aggrecan is cleaved. Methods. In vitro IL-1 exposition of bovine menisci (n = 4) caused extracellular NITEGE deposits detected by immunofluorescence. A retrospective immunohistochemical analysis of (n = 60) patients after meniscectomy for NITEGE deposits was performed. MD was graded as follows: no/little (grade 0/1), medium (grade 2) or severe (grade 3). Results. NITEGE deposits in areas of degeneration were demonstrated in 55% of the patients with grade 2 or 3 MD (PPV & specificity 100%), while no extracellular NITEGE... Read More

Misdiagnosis of Tonsil Malignant Lymphoma

Image The study filed that the clinical data of one patient who was misdiagnosed as chronic tonsillitis and finally diagnosed as malignant lymphoma of tonsil was analysed retrospectively to summarize and reflect on the clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of malignant lymphoma of tonsil, so as to improve the clinical understanding and diagnosis of this disease. It has been reported that the misdiagnosis rate of malignant lymphoma of tonsil is quite high, up to 41.3%.   On this note the Journal of Otology and Rhinology wants to hear out your opinions about the Misdiagnosis of inconveniences caused in the throat through... Read More

BIOPROCES AND PHARMACUETICAL BIOPROCESSING

Image A bioprocess is a specific process that uses complete living cells or their components (e.g., bacteria, enzymes, chloroplasts) to obtain desired products .Transport of energy and mass is fundamental to many biological and environmental processes. Areas, from food processing to thermal design of buildings to biomedical devices to pollution control and global warming, require knowledge of how energy and mass can be transported through material. PHARMACUETICAL BIOPROCESSING This is a referred magazine to all troubles associated with bioprocessing within the improvement of healthcare and scientific merchandise. Pharmaceutical bioprocessing journals help in developing and designing the advanced pharmaceutical products for manufacturing... Read More

Vibrational Optical Coherence Tomography

Image Vibrational optical coherence tomography (VOCT) is a new technique developed in the Department of Pathology at Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Rutgers University. It uses near infra-red light and audible sound to image and measure the resonant frequency of tissues Synthetic implants, allografts, and xenografts are used for repair and replacement of tissues in numerous surgical applications each year. A number of the grafts used as hernia replacements or for repair of other tissues require revision surgery due to modulus mismatches that occur at the implant-tissue interface. A variety of tests have been used to elucidate mechanical properties of... Read More

Parental Consanguinity and Birth Defects in Lebanon

Image Parental Consanguinity and Birth Defects in Lebanon Consanguinity ("blood relation", from the Latin consanguinitas) is the property of being from the same kinship as another person. In that aspect, consanguinity is the quality of being descended from the same ancestor as another person. The risk for birth defects in the offspring of first-cousin matings has been estimated to increase sharply compared to non-consanguineous marriages. Among 50,396 live births, 1,637 were diagnosed with one or more birth defects for an overall prevalence of 32.5‰. The most prevalent defects were cardiovascular, urogenital and musculoskeletal with 15.1‰, 6.3‰ and 5.7‰,... Read More

Genetic Drift

Image Genetic Drift Genetic drift (also known as allelic drift or the Sewall Wright effect) is the change in the frequency of an existing gene variant (allele) in a population due to random sampling of organisms. The alleles in the offspring are a sample of those in the parents, and chance has a role in determining whether a given individual survives and reproduces. A population's allele frequency is the fraction of the copies of one gene that share a particular form. Genetic drift may cause gene variants to disappear completely and thereby reduce genetic variation. It can also cause initially rare alleles to become much more frequent and even fixed. When there are... Read More

The Italian Society of Gastroenterology (SIGE) and the Italian Group for the study of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IG-IBD) Clinical Practice Guidelines: The use of tumor necrosis factor-alpha antagonist therapy in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Image The Journal focuses on Biologics, Guidelines, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, and Tumor necrosis factor-alpha antagonist. A biologic drug (biologics) is a product that is produced from living organisms or contains components of living organisms. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an umbrella term used to describe disorders that involve chronic inflammation of your digestive tract. A Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitor is a pharmaceutical drug that suppresses the physiologic response to tumor necrosis factor (TNF), which is part of the inflammatory response. Biological therapies are an important step in the management of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. In consideration of high... Read More

Aceology

Image Aceology Treatment and therapy are generally considered synonyms. However, in the context of mental health, the term therapy may refer specifically to psychotherapy. The words care, therapy, treatment, and intervention overlap in a semantic field, and thus they can be synonymous depending on context. Moving rightward through that order, the connotative level of holism decreases and the level of specificity (to concrete instances) increases. Thus, in health care contexts (where its senses are always noncount), the word care tends to imply a broad idea of everything done to protect or improve someone's health (for example, as in the terms preventive care and primary care, which connote ongoing action), although it sometimes implies a narrower idea (for example, in the simplest cases of wound care or postanesthesia care, a few particular steps are sufficient, and the... Read More

Recommendations on the use of Biosimilars by the Brazilian Society of Rheumatology, Brazilian Society of Dermatology, Brazilian Federation of Gastroenterology and Brazilian Study Group on Inflammatory Bowel Disease—Focus on clinical evaluation of monoclonal antibodies and fusion proteins used in the treatment of autoimmune diseases

Image The Journal focuses on Biosimilars, Autoimmune diseases, Rheumatoid arthritis, Ankylosing spondylitis, Psoriasis, and Crohn's disease. Biosimilars are approved according to the same standards of pharmaceutical quality, safety and efficacy that apply to all biological medicines. An autoimmune disease is a condition arising from an abnormal immune response to a normal body part. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that can cause joint pain and damage throughout your body. Ankylosing spondylitis is an inflammatory disease that, over time, can cause some of the small bones in your spine (vertebrae) to fuse. This fusing makes the spine less... Read More

Medical Yoga Therapy

Image The Journal focuses on yoga, yogic practice, anxiety, depression, mindfulness, meditation, arthritis, ADHD, cardiovascular disease, and inflammation. Yoga is a group of physical, mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in ancient India. Yoga is a systematic practice of physical exercise, breath control, relaxation, diet control, and positive thinking and meditation aimed at developing harmony in the body, mind, and environment. Anxiety is an emotion characterized by an unpleasant state of inner turmoil, often accompanied by nervous behaviours such as pacing back and forth, somatic complaints, and rumination. A mental health disorder characterized... Read More

Anxiety and Cognitive Performance: Attentional Control Theory

Image The Journal focuses on anxiety, attention, inhibition, and shifting. Anxiety is your body's natural response to stress. Anxiety is a feeling of fear or apprehension about what's to come. The first day of school, going to a job interview, or giving a speech may cause most people to feel fearful and nervous. Attention is the behavioral and cognitive process of selectively concentrating on a discrete aspect of information, whether considered subjective or objective, while ignoring other perceivable information. It is a state of arousal. Inhibition a feeling of embarrassment or worry that prevents a... Read More

PLGA nano-particles prepared by Nano precipitation: drug loading and release studies of a water soluble drug

Image The Journal focuses on Nanoparticles, Drug incorporation, PLGA, In vitro release, Nano precipitation. Nanoparticles are defined as having one structural dimension of less than 100nm, making them comparable in size to subcellular structures, including cell organelles or biological macromolecules,222 thereby enabling their ready incorporation into biological systems. PLGA is a copolymer which is used in a host of Food and Drug Administration approved therapeutic devices. Nano precipitation involves the precipitation of a preformed polymer from an organic solution and the diffusion of the organic solvent in the aqueous medium in the presence or absence... Read More

Diffusion of new pharmaceutical drugs in developing and developed nations

Image The Journal focuses Diffusion, cross-country analysis, pharmaceuticals, Hierarchical Bayes. Diffusion is the net movement of anything from a region of higher concentration to a region of lower concentration. Pharmaceutics is the discipline of pharmacy that deals with the process of turning a new chemical entity or old drugs into a medication to be used safely and effectively by patients. In the context of introducing new products around the world, it is important to understand the relative attractiveness of various countries in terms of maximum penetration potential and diffusion speed. In this paper, we examine these market characteristics... Read More

Photocatalytic removal of Pb ions from aqueous solution using Fe2 O3 doped in G-C3 N4 nanocomposite under visible light

Image The Journal focuses on g-C3 N4, Fe2 O3, photocatalytic reduction, Pb ion, Synthesis of graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3 N4), Photocatalytic activity. Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) is a family of carbon nitride compounds with a general formula near to C3N4 and two major substructures based on heptazine and poly units which, depending on reaction conditions, exhibit different degrees of condensation, properties and reactivities. Iron oxide or ferric oxide is the inorganic compound with the formula Fe₂ O₃. Photocatalytic reduction of CO2 has been intensively investigated in hopes to reduce the concentration of atmospheric CO2 and to produce... Read More

Industrialized building systems: reproduction before automation and robotics

Image The Journal focuses on Industrialization, Reproduction, Served and serving spaces, Analogical model, Performance criteria, Building Systems, Process– product interaction, Load-bearing service core. Industrialization is the period of social and economic change that transforms a human group from a rural society into an industrial society. Reproduction is the introduction of an innovative technology capable of simplifying the multiplication of complex goods. The served spaces are relatively open spaces suited to accommodate the household activities, and they occupy most of the floor areas, they mainly include the living room, the dining room, the family room... Read More

BIOCHEMICAL ENGINEERING AND FOOD BIOPROCESSING

Image Biochemical engineering, is a field of study with roots stemming from chemical engineering and biological engineering. It mainly deals with the design, construction, and advancement of unit processes that involve biological organisms or organic molecules and has various applications in areas of interest such as biofuels, food, pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, and water treatment processes. ADVANCES IN FOOD BIOPROCESS TECHNOLOGY Advances in Food Bioprocess Technology gives us powerful and timely material approximately contemporary excessive original papers in chemical engineering and for all forms of food merchandise. Advances in Food Bioprocess Technology journals covers and examines the processing generation for ripening, high-quality, agriculture,... Read More

BIOCHEMCAL ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIAL BIOPROCESSING

Image Biological chemistry is about the chemical tactics within and relating to living organisms. Biochemistry is purely implemented in medication, nutrition, and agriculture. Biochemistry deals with systems, capabilities and interactions of organic macromolecules, like proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates and lipids. INDUSTRIAL BIOPROCESSING Industrial bioprocessing is the advanced sources and data concerning industrial processing related to the bioprocessing fields to develop and improve numerous chemical compounds and pharmaceutical pills. in addition it offers us present day facts about R&D. Industrial bioprocessing is the specialization of chemical engineering and it especially deals about designing, developing, production of merchandise in agriculture, food, polymers in... Read More

Pulmonary Medicine

Image Journal of Pulmonary Medicine is an international open access journal which is celebrating 4th Anniversary, publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. As our journal has completed 4 years we are celebrating 4th anniversary we have announced almost 50 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 4th Anniversary so we are inviting eminent researches, fellowmen, science students, scientists for the submission of their valuable, innovative articles which would be helpful to our journal publication in forth coming issue (volume 4, issue 1). We would like to invite eminent researches to write... Read More

A Novel Method for Intraoperative Reduction of the Mobile Meniscal Bearing in the Oxford Unicompartmental Knee Replacement (APJOT)

Image Insertion of the bearing can be challenging due to patient body habitus or limited exposure when using a minimally invasive technique. We describe a novel way of inserting the bearing not previously described in the literature. The bearing is positioned on the femoral component in full flexion. Then, with a gentle extension of the knee, the bearing snaps into position and is seated correctly on a consistent basis. Unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) was first developed in the 1950s by McKeever and MacIntosh. In 1978, Goodfellow [1] introduced the meniscal bearing forming the basis of what is now known as... Read More

opioids

Image Opioids Opioids are substances that act on opioid receptors to produce morphine-like effects. Medically they are primarily used for pain relief, including anesthesia.Other medical uses include suppression of diarrhea, replacement therapy for opioid use disorder, reversing opioid overdose, suppressing cough,as well as for executions in the United States. Extremely potent opioids such as carfentanil are approved only for veterinary use. Opioids are also frequently used non-medically for their euphoric effects or to prevent withdrawal. Side effects of opioids may include itchiness, sedation, nausea, respiratory depression, constipation, and euphoria. Long-term use can cause tolerance, meaning that increased doses are required to achieve the same effect, and physical dependence, meaning that abruptly discontinuing the drug leads to unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. The euphoria attracts recreational use and frequent, escalating... Read More

Hallucinogens

Image Hallucinogens A hallucinogen is a psychoactive agent which most likely causes hallucinations, perceptual anomalies, and other substantial subjective changes in thoughts, emotion, and consciousness. The common types of hallucinogens are psychedelics, dissociatives and deliriants. Although hallucinations are a common symptom of amphetamine psychosis, amphetamines are not considered hallucinogens as they are not a primary effect of the drugs themselves. While hallucinations can occur when abusing stimulants, the nature of stimulant psychosis is not unlike delirium. A debate persists on criteria which would easily differentiate a substance which is 'psychedelic' from one 'hallucinogenic'. Sir Thomas Browne in 1646 coined the term 'hallucination' from the Latin word "alucinari" meaning "to wander in the mind". A 'hallucinogen' and... Read More

Osteoarthritis

Image Osteoarthritis such topics are published in Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitationis which is a form of arthritis that features the breakdown and eventual loss of the cartilage of one or more joints. Cartilage is a protein substance that serves as a "cushion" between the bones of the joints. Among the over 100 different types of arthritis conditions, osteoarthritis is the most common joint disease. OA occurs more frequently as we age. Before age 45, osteoarthritis occurs more frequently in males. After 55 years of age, it occurs more frequently in females. In the United States, all races... Read More

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Image Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most common type of autoimmune arthritis. It is caused when the immune system (the body’s defense system) is not working properly. RA causes pain and swelling in the wrist and small joints of the hand and feet. Treatments for RA can stop joint pain and swelling. Treatment also prevents joint damage. Early treatment will give better long term results. Regular low-impact exercises, such as walking, and exercises can increase muscle strength. This will improve your overall health and lower pressure on your joints. Studies show that people who receive early treatment for RA feel better... Read More

Levamisole in Gastric Content after Unusual Intake of Heroin and Cocaine

Image Levamisole is an antibiotic medication used to treat colon cancer and is a synthetic imidazothiazole derivative also employed as an antihelminthic to treat worm infestations in both humans and animals. Even if it is not yet well known why levamisole is added to cocaine, the presence of this adulterant is very dangerous, in fact this compound suppresses the production of white blood cells, resulting in neutropenia, agranulocytosis and idiopathic pulmonary hypertension. With the increasing use of levamisole as an adulterant, a number of these complications have been reported among cocaine users. The authors refer about the detection of levamisole in... Read More

Smoking Marijuana, Is it Safe for the Heart?

Image Different preparations of Cannabis sativa (commonly marijuana and hashish) are widely used mainly for their euphoric effects. Cannabis after alcohol consumption is by far the most commonly used recreational drug in Europe. About 20% of adults in the European Union (aged 15-64 years), over 62 million people, have tried cannabis at least once in their life . Users and lay people believe that marijuana or hashish is safe. Many cases of cardiovascular events have, however, been related to a cannabis consumption, and cases of acute ischemia or thrombosis even on the ground of normal coronary arteries have been reported. The... Read More

Effects of Aqueous Extract of Phyllanthus muellerianus Leaves on Castor Oil-induced Diarrhoeal Rats

Image Cancer is one of the leading causes of death and globally the numbers of cases of cancer are increasing gradually. There are several medicines available in the market to treat the various types of cancer but no drug is found to be fully effective and safe. The major problem in the cancer chemotherapy is the toxicity of the established drugs. However plants and plant derived products have proved effective and safe in the treatment and management of cancers. These days most of the research work on cancer drugs is targeted on plants and plants derived natural products. Many natural products... Read More

Anticancer Potential of Plants and Natural Products:

Image Cancer is one of the leading causes of death and globally the numbers of cases of cancer are increasing gradually. There are several medicines available in the market to treat the various types of cancer but no drug is found to be fully effective and safe. The major problem in the cancer chemotherapy is the toxicity of the established drugs. However plants and plant derived products have proved effective and safe in the treatment and management of cancers. These days most of the research work on cancer drugs is targeted on plants and plants derived natural products. Many natural products... Read More

Antiaging Creams

Image Anti-aging creams are predominantly moisturiser-based cosmeceutical skin care products marketed with the promise of making the consumer look younger by reducing, masking or preventing signs of skin aging. These signs are laxity (sagging), rhytids (wrinkles), and photoaging, which includes erythema (redness), dyspigmentation (brown discolorations), solar elastosis (yellowing), keratoses (abnormal growths), and poor texture, common ingredients in anti-wrinkle creams. Moisturizing alone can improve the appearance of your skin. It temporarily plumps the skin, making lines and wrinkles less visible. Moisturizers are lotions, creams, gels and serums made of water, oils and other ingredients, such as... Read More

Growth hormone deficiency

Image Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) is a rare disorder characterized by the inadequate secretion of growth hormone (GH) from the anterior pituitary gland, a small gland located at the base of the brain that is responsible for the production of several hormones. The most common treatment for growth hormone deficiency in both children and adults is growth hormone therapy—injections of growth hormone into the body. Growth hormone—known as somatotropin—can be injected by the patient or a family member. Children with cleft lips or cleft palates often have poorly developed pituitary glands, so are more likely to have GHD.... Read More

Clinical virology

Image Virology is the study of viral – submicroscopic, parasitic particles of genetic material contained in a protein coat and virus-like agents. The ability to detect nucleic acids has had and still has a major impact on diagnostics in clinical virology. Both quantitative and qualitative techniques, whether signal or target amplification based systems, are currently used routinely in most if not all virology laboratories. Technological improvements, from automated sample isolation to real time amplification technology, have given the ability to develop and introduce systems for most viruses of clinical interest, and to obtain clinical relevant... Read More

Histopathology techniques

Image Histopathology is the diagnosis and study of diseases of the tissues, and involves examining tissues and/or cells under a microscope. Histopathologists are responsible for making tissue diagnoses and helping clinicians manage a patient's care. It is the examination of biological tissues in order to observe the appearance of diseased cells in microscopic detail. Histopathology typically involves a biopsy, which is a procedure involving taking a small sample of tissue, usually undertaken by a pathologist, who are experts in diagnoses of diseases. Histopathology involves the examination of sampled whole tissues under the... Read More

Submissions of manuscripts for Biomaterials and Medical Applications

Image On behalf of the Biomaterials and Medical Applications the editor of Journal of Biomaterials and Medical Applications is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. Biomaterials can be categorized into biological systems for a medical purpose - either a therapeutic (treat, augment, repair or replace a tissue function of the body) or a diagnostic. Biomaterials & Medical Applications mainly focuses on all the key areas of Biomaterials Engineering to clinical practice and medical technologies. The scope of the Journal encompasses the... Read More

Journal of Genetic Disorders & Genetic Reports

Image   Journal of Genetics Disorder & Genetic Reports is a peer reviewed journal strives to publish high quality articles on emerging developments and supports current research in the field of genetic disease and genomes. As our journal has completed 10 years we are celebrating 10th anniversary we have announced almost 50 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary so we are inviting eminent researches, fellow-mans, science students, scientists for the submission of their valuable, innovative articles which would be helpful to our journal publication in forth coming issue (volume 9, issue 1). The Journal... Read More

How the Metamaterials finds it’s application in chemical Engineering?

Image Metamaterials, artificial composite structures with exotic material properties, have emerged as a new frontier of science involving physics, material science, engineering and chemistry. A Survey reported that the future research regarding metamaterials focusses on invention of three-dimensional optical metamaterials, nonlinear metamaterials and “quantum” perspectives of metamaterials, creating a new directional separation technique that cloaks one compound while concentrating the other. It is said to believe that manipulating mass transfer using metamaterials could help reduce the energy required for certain chemical and biomolecular processes. The proposed technique would use specially-patterned polymeric materials to direct the flow of atoms by taking advantage... Read More

Laryngotracheal stenosis

Image Laryngotracheal stenosis refers to abnormal narrowing of the central air passageways. It can develop when scar tissue forms in a person’s trachea due to prolonged intubation — when a breathing tube is inserted into the trachea to help maintain breathing during a medical procedure — or from a tracheostomy, which is a surgery to create an opening in the neck to access the trachea. Our physicians will typically address any underlying medical conditions before treating the stenosis. The most common symptom of laryngotracheal stenosis is gradually-worsening breathlessness (dyspnea) particularly when undertaking physical activities (exertional dyspnea). The Editorial Office of the... Read More

Renal Transplantation on Long-term dialysis

Image A survey in Japan reported that the patients undergoing dialysis (HD) are increasing every year, and the number has reached 329,609 at the end of 2016. Out of them, 26,313 patients were undergoing longterm HD (LHD; 20 or more years), which is 8.3% of the total number. The number of deceased donor RTx (DRTx) did not increase, while the number of patients enrolled in the waiting list for DRTx reached approximately 13,000. Considering the Mean Waiting Period, LHD patients morbidity and mortality a study was designed by Koichi Kozaki, et al. to investigate the results of RTx in LHD patients.... Read More

Cryogenics: application of low-temperature phenomena

Image A cryogenic treatment is the process of treating workpieces to cryogenic temperatures below -190°C to remove residual stresses and improve wear resistance on steels and even composites. In addition to seeking enhanced stress relief and stabilization, or wear resistance, cryogenic treatment is also known for its ability to improve corrosion resistance by precipitating micro-fine eta carbides, which can be measured before and after in a part using a quantimet. The process has a wide range of applications from industrial tooling to the improvement of musical signal transmission. Some of the benefits of cryogenic treatment include longer part life, less failure... Read More

Immunosupressive drugs

Image Immunosuppressive drugs, also known as immunosuppressive agents, immunosuppressants and antirejection medications are drugs that inhibit or prevent activity of the immune system.They are also administered as posttransplantory immunosuppressants to prevent the acute transplant rejection and graft-versus-host disease. Immunosuppressive drugs are given in two phases; an initial induction phase involving a high dose, and a later maintenance phase which involves using the drug in the long term at a lower dose. All current immunosuppressive drugs come with limitations. One of the major limitations of these drugs is immunodeficiency. A fine balance needs to be reached between suppressing immune function sufficiently to... Read More

PHYSIOTHERAPY

Image Physiotherapy helps restore movement and function when someone is affected by injury, illness or disability. Physiotherapists help people affected by injury, illness or disability through movement and exercise, manual therapy, education and advice. They maintain health for people of all ages, helping patients to manage pain and prevent disease. The profession helps to encourage development and facilitate recovery, enabling people to stay in work while helping them remain independent for as long as possible. What physiotherapists do Physiotherapy is a science-based profession and takes a ‘whole person’ approach to health and wellbeing, which includes the patient’s general lifestyle. At the... Read More

JPDDR is Now Accepting Articles for its March Issue Release

Image I would like to introduce Journal of Pharmaceutics and Drug delivery Research which is an open access peer-reviewed journal that aims to provide a medium to accelerate and disseminate scientific knowledge on Drug Delivery System, Drug Design & Development, and Drug Metabolism etc. On the eve of new year we giving discount on membership, you can Take Membership in our Journal and publish 7 to 8 articles in our journal per year. We publish all sorts of academic papers including Research, Review, Case Report, Short communication, Commentary, Conference proceedings etc. Bioavailability In pharmacology, bioavailability is a subcategory of absorption and... Read More

Iron Man Thrust Boots

Image Iron Man Thrust Boots: Iron Man Thrust Boots or Iron Man Jet Boots is one of the hard tasks to work on it (because of its compactness and complex design) with today’s technology but it’s not impossible either. To start with Iron Man Thrust Boots consist of major components that are Thrust, Fuel, Control, Stability and Steering. Thrust can be attained by hybrid thruster technology and gyro stabilizers, hydrogen can be used for the fuel and flight can be accomplished with an advanced control systems that works similar to the aircraft that run on auto pilot. for more: https://www.scitechnol.com/peer-review/iron-man-thrust-boots-vdNS.php?article_id=5485 visit: ... Read More

Learning Analytics: Enhancing the Quality of Higher Education

Image Learning Analytics: Enhancing the Quality of Higher Education: The regular gathering of student information has created a high level of complexity, and also an incredible opportunity for teachers to enhance student learning experience. The digital information that learners leave online about their interests, engagement and their preferences gives significant measures of information that can be mined to customise their learning experience better. The motivation behind this article is to inspect the quickly developing field of Learning Analytics and to study why and how enormous information will benefit teachers, institutes, online course developers and students as a whole. The research will... Read More

Digitally-Controlled Frequency Generation Using VariableLength Ring Oscillators

Image Digitally-Controlled Frequency Generation Using VariableLength Ring Oscillators: A simple variable-length ring oscillator (VLRO) in which a selectable number of inverters is shunted using bypass transistors is introduced. A range of frequencies can be selected by activating or deactivating the bypass circuitry. LTspice simulations demonstrating the performance are presented. BSIM4 transistor models using 50 nm gate lengths are used in the design of the inverters and bypass transistors. The fundamental frequency generated by each VLRO is determined via Fourier transforms of the output square wave. The data show that the VLRO can effectively generate a wide range of frequencies in a... Read More

A Review of Thoracolumbar Spine Fracture Classifications

Image The management of traumatic thoracolumbar spine fractures has been controversial. Most columnar models explain stability based on the sagital profile of the spine. In Denis’ classification, the middle column provides the greatest mechanical stability and bears the greatest axial load of the spine. The load sharing classification scores the extent of damage to the vertebral body, the displacement of fragments at the fracture site, and the amount of corrected kyphosis. Recently, TLICS was devised based upon the currently recognized three most important injury characteristics: radiographic morphology of injury,  integrity of the posterior ligamentous complex, and neurological status of the patient.... Read More

STUDY OF VIRUSES

Image The study of virus is known as virology.It gives brief description about viral – submicroscopic, parasitic particles of genetic material contained in a protein coat and virus like agents. It focuses on the following aspects of viruses: their structure, classification and evolution, their ways to infect and exploit host cells for reproduction, their interaction with host organism physiology and immunity, the diseases they cause, the techniques to isolate and culture them, and their use in research and therapy. Virology is considered to be a subfield of microbiology or of medicine. A major branch of virology is virus classification. Viruses can... Read More

THE STUDY OF FUNGI

Image The study of fungi is known as Mycology. It is the branch of biology concerned with the study of fungi, including their genetic and biochemical properties, their taxonomy and their use to humans as a source for tinder, traditional medicine, food, and entheogens, as well as their dangers, such as toxicity or infection. For centuries, certain mushrooms have been documented as a folk medicine in China, Japan, and Russia. Although the use of mushrooms in folk medicine is centered largely on the Asian continent, people in other parts of the world like the Middle East, Poland, and Belarus have been... Read More

STUDY OF MICROORGANISMS IN MEDICAL ASPECT

Image Medical microbiology is a branch of medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases. The microbes and the branch of microbiology are the most studied due to their great importance to medicine. Medical microbiology studies growth and development of the infectious disease in a patient and in human population  known as epidemiology. It is associated to the study of disease pathology and immunology. Similar sections cover virology, mycology, and parasitology. In each section, the introductory chapters stress the mechanisms of infection characteristic of that type of microorganism, thus providing the reader with a framework for understanding... Read More

THE STUDY OF BACTERIA

Image The study of bacteria is known as Bacteriology, it is the branch and specialty of biology that studies the morphology, ecology, genetics and biochemistry of bacteria as well as many other aspects related to them. This subdivision of microbiology involves the identification, classification, and characterization of bacterial species. Because of the similarity of thinking and working with microorganisms other than bacteria, such as protozoa, fungi, and viruses, there has been a tendency for the field of bacteriology to extend as microbiology. Bacteriology evolved from physicians needing to apply the germ theory to test the concerns relating to the spoilage of... Read More

Conservative Treatment of Hydatid Cyst in Pregnancy: Case Report

Image Journal of Genital System & Disorders is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal and aims to publish the most complete and reliable source of information on the discoveries and current developments in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in all major themes pertaining to Genital System & Disorders and making them available online freely without any restrictions or any other subscriptions to researchers worldwide. Editor-in-Chief Lawrence S Amesse is supported by an outstanding Editorial Board of international researchers. This multidisciplinary open-access journal is at the forefront of disseminating and communicating scientific knowledge... Read More

Contemporary Review of Buried Penis Repair

Image Journal of Genital System & Disorders is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal and aims to publish the most complete and reliable source of information on the discoveries and current developments in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in all major themes pertaining to Genital System & Disorders and making them available online freely without any restrictions or any other subscriptions to researchers worldwide. Various strategies have been developed for the surgical management of buried penis, including enhancing penile exposure and altering skin coverage. Each study has described a new surgical approach and... Read More

Fertility Preservation in Female Cancer Patients: A Retrospective Study from Iran

Image Journal of Genital System & Disorders is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal and aims to publish the most complete and reliable source of information on the discoveries and current developments in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in all major themes pertaining to Genital System & Disorders and making them available online freely without any restrictions or any other subscriptions to researchers worldwide. Editor-in-Chief Lawrence S Amesse is supported by an outstanding Editorial Board of international researchers. This multidisciplinary open-access journal is at the forefront of disseminating and communicating scientific knowledge... Read More

Penile Enlargement Surgery: Is It Feasible?

Image Journal of Genital System & Disorders is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal and aims to publish the most complete and reliable source of information on the discoveries and current developments in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in all major themes pertaining to Genital System & Disorders and making them available online freely without any restrictions or any other subscriptions to researchers worldwide. Editor-in-Chief Lawrence S Amesse is supported by an outstanding Editorial Board of international researchers. This multidisciplinary open-access journal is at the forefront of disseminating and communicating scientific knowledge... Read More

Healthy red blood cells owe their shape to muscle-like structures

Image Journal of Blood Research & Hematologic Diseases is an open access journal and celebrating the 5th Anniversary, an esteemed journal which mainly deals with Blood Research & Hematologic Diseases. This Journal of Blood Research & Hematologic Diseases is a peer reviewing processing journal and publishes the articles on Blood Vessels, Circulatory System, Haematology, Haematopoiesis, Haemoglobin, Haemostasis Red blood cells are on a wild ride. As they race through the body to deliver oxygen, they must maintain a distinct dimpled shape—and bounce back into form even after squishing through narrow capillaries. Red blood cells that can’t keep their shape... Read More

Effects of feeding yeasts on blood physiology and gut microbiota of rainbow trout

Image Journal of Blood Research & Hematologic Diseases is an open access journal and celebrating the 5th Anniversary, an esteemed journal which mainly deals with Blood Research & Hematologic Diseases. This Journal of Blood Research & Hematologic Diseases is a peer reviewing processing journal and publishes the articles on Blood Vessels, Circulatory System, Haematology, Haematopoiesis, Haemoglobin, Haemostasis Yeast represents a sustainable protein alternative to fishmeal in diets for farmed fish, although more than 40% replacement has been shown to reduce fish growth and welfare. This thesis investigated the effects of feeding high inclusions of inactivated and live yeasts to... Read More

Regulation of Blood Volume by Renal Excretion of Water and Sodium

Image Journal of Blood Research & Hematologic Diseases is an open access journal and celebrating the 5th Anniversary, an esteemed journal which mainly deals with Blood Research & Hematologic Diseases. This Journal of Blood Research & Hematologic Diseases is a peer reviewing processing journal and publishes the articles on Blood Vessels, Circulatory System, Haematology, Haematopoiesis, Haemoglobin, Haemostasis Blood is filtered at the glomerulus. This filtrate contains sodium, water and other substances. As the filtrate travels through the proximal tubule, loop of Henle, distal and collecting tubules, the concentration of sodium is altered by transport of sodium across the tubular... Read More

Physiology of blood

Image Journal of Blood Research & Hematologic Diseases is an open access journal and celebrating the 5th Anniversary, an esteemed journal which mainly deals with Blood Research & Hematologic Diseases. This Journal of Blood Research & Hematologic Diseases is a peer reviewing processing journal and publishes the articles on Blood Vessels, Circulatory System, Haematology, Haematopoiesis, Haemoglobin, Haemostasis Leukocytes : The leukocytes, also called white blood cells, are the mobile units of the body’s protective system. They are formed partially in the bone marrow (granulocyte and monocytes and a few lymphocytes) and partially in the lymph tissue (lymphocytes and plasma... Read More

The Endocrine System of the Human Body

Image Endocrinology & Diabetes Research is a peer-reviewed, open-access journal focused on publishing articles in all aspects of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes, Diabetic Nephropathy and retinopathy, Gestational Diabetes and Endocrinology. Introduction to the Endocrine System: The endocrine system, along with the nervous system, functions in the regulation of body activities. The nervous system acts through electrical impulses and neurotransmitters to cause muscle contraction and glandular secretion. The effect is of short duration, measured in seconds, and localized. The endocrine system acts through chemical messengers called hormones that influence growth, development, and metabolic activities. The action of the endocrine system is measured in minutes, hours, or... Read More

Role of Glucose in Daily life

Image Endocrinology & Diabetes Research is a peer-reviewed, open-access journal focused on publishing articles in all aspects of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes, Diabetic Nephropathy and retinopathy, Gestational Diabetes and Endocrinology. Glucose comes from the Greek word for "sweet." It's a type of sugar you get from foods you eat, and your body uses it for energy. As it travels through your bloodstream to your cells, it's called blood glucose or blood sugar. You may know glucose by another name: blood sugar. Glucose is key to keeping the mechanisms of the body in top working order. When our glucose levels are... Read More

Role of DM in Daily life

Image Endocrinology & Diabetes Research is a peer-reviewed, open-access journal focused on publishing articles in all aspects of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes, Diabetic Nephropathy and retinopathy, Gestational Diabetes and Endocrinology. DM is defined as a Diabetes mellitus is a disorder in which blood sugar (glucose) levels are abnormally high because the body does not produce enough insulin to meet its needs. Dietary habits and sedentary lifestyle are the major factors for rapidly rising incidence of DM among developing countries. In type 2 diabetics, recently, elevated HbA1c level has also been considered as one of the leading risk factors... Read More

Role of Insulin in Daily life

Image Endocrinology & Diabetes Research is a peer-reviewed, open-access journal focused on publishing articles in all aspects of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes, Diabetic Nephropathy and retinopathy, Gestational Diabetes and Endocrinology. Insulin is a naturally-occurring hormone secreted by the pancreas. Insulin is required by the cells of the body in order for them to remove and use glucose from the blood. Cells use glucose to produce energy that they need to carry out their functions. Researchers first gave an active extract of the pancreas containing insulin to a young diabetic patient in 1922, and the FDA first approved... Read More

Therapeutic Action Research of Bacille Calmette Guerin (BCG) on a Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Mouse Model

Image Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) vaccine is a vaccine primarily used against tuberculosis In countries where tuberculosis or leprosy is common, one dose is recommended in healthy babies as close to the time of birth as possible. The BCG vaccine used in the UK contains strains of a bacterium closely related to the one that causes TB in humans. sodium, potassium and magnesium salts. glycerol, a common non-toxic stabiliser also used in foods. citric acid. It Has been determined that for patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), after... Read More

Sexual harassment : A self Loss

Image Sexual harassment is a type of harassment technique that relates to a sexual nature and the unwelcome or inappropriate promise of rewards in exchange for sexual favors. Sexual harassment includes a range of actions from mild transgressions to sexual abuse or assault. Harassment can occur in many different social settings such as the workplace, the home, school, churches, etc. Harassers or victims may be of any gender. This type of harassment leads to severe scars. Sexual and Emotional Trauma is caused due to sexual abuse and emotional abuse of a person. Sexual abuse is also known as molestation. It means... Read More

Recombinant Human Insulin- PLGA NP Administered Orally after Combination with a Protease Inhibitor (N-Ethylmaleimide) in vivo Results

Image Insulin is a peptide hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreatic islets; it is considered to be the main anabolic hormone of the body. It regulates the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and protein by promoting the absorption of carbohydrates, especially glucose from the blood into liver, fat and skeletal muscle cells. When Human body is unable to produce insulin a condition is developed which is known as type 1 diabetes mellitus which is characterized by abnormally high blood glucose concentrations and generalized body wasting In type 2 diabetes mellitus the destruction of beta cells is less pronounced than in... Read More

Reverse Vaccinology in Plasmodium falciparum 3D7

Image Plasmodium falciparum is a unicellular protozoan parasite of humans, and the deadliest species of Plasmodium that causes malaria in humans. A timely immunization can be effective against certain diseases and can save thousands of lives. However, for some diseases it has been difficult, so far, to develop an efficient vaccine. Malaria, a tropical disease caused by a parasite of the genus Plasmodium, is one example. Bioinformatics has opened the way to new lines of experimental... Read More

Role of Fecal Calprotectin as a Bio-marker of Intestinal Inflammation in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Image The Journal focuses on inflammatory bowel disease, calprotectin, biological markers, gastrointestinal diseases, and feces/chemistry. . Calprotectin is a protein released by a type of white blood cell called a neutrophil. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an umbrella term used to describe disorders that involve chronic inflammation of your digestive tract. A bio-marker or biological marker is a measurable indicator of some biological state or condition. Biomarkers are often measured and evaluated to examine normal biological processes, pathogenic processes, or pharmacologic responses to a therapeutic intervention. Biomarkers are used in many scientific fields. Gastrointestinal diseases... Read More

Intestinal Barrier Dysfunction in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Image The Journal focuses on ascariasis, trichuriasis, hookworm disease, and anemia. Ascariasis is an infection of the small intestine caused by Ascaris lumbricoides, which is a species of roundworm. Roundworms are a type of parasitic worm. Infections caused by roundworms are fairly common. Ascariasis is the most common roundworm infection. Trichuriasis, also known as whipworm infection, it is an infection by the parasitic worm Trichuris trichiura (whipworm). If infection is only with a few worms, there are often no symptoms. In those who are infected with many worms, there may be abdominal pain, tiredness and diarrhea. Hookworms are... Read More

MEDITATION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH AND FUNCTIONING: A DESCRIPTIVE AND CRITICAL REVIEW

Image The Journal focuses on meditation, mindfulness, Yoga, health, well-being. Yoga is a group of physical, mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in ancient India. Meditation is a practice where an individual uses a technique – such as mindfulness, or focusing the mind on a particular object, thought, or activity – to train attention and awareness, and achieve a mentally clear and emotionally calm and stable state. Mindfulness is the psychological process of purposely bringing one's attention to experiences occurring in the present moment without judgment, which one develops through... Read More

Prayer, Meditation, and Anxiety: Durkheim Revisited

Image The Journal focuses on religion, prayer, meditation, anxiety, mental health. Religion is a social-cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, morals, worldviews, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, or spiritual elements. Prayer is an invocation or act that seeks to activate a rapport with an object of worship through deliberate communication. In the narrow sense, the term refers to an act of supplication or intercession directed towards a deity, or a deified ancestor. Meditation is a practice where an individual uses a technique – such as mindfulness,... Read More

Reinstatement of ethanol-seeking behavior by drug cues following single versus multiple ethanol intoxication in the rat: effects of naltrexone

Image The Journal focuses on Ethanol, Reinstatement, Relapse, Self-administration, Intoxication, Conditioned stimulus, Opiate receptors. Ethanol is a renewable fuel made from various plant materials collectively known as "biomass". If an insured person fails to pay the premium due to various circumstances and as a result the insurance policy gets terminated, then the insurance coverage can be renewed. This process of putting the insurance policy back after a lapse is known as reinstatement. Relapse or Recidivism is a recurrence of a past condition. Self-administration is the process of a subject administering a pharmacological substance for themself.... Read More

Fatal intoxication due to Tramadol alone Case report and review of the literature

Image The Journal focuses on Tramadol, Liver failure, Poisoning, Intoxication, Overdose, Post-mortem. Tramadol is an opioid pain medication used to treat moderate to moderately severe pain. When taken by mouth in an immediate-release formulation, the onset of pain relief usually begins within an hour. Liver failure is a life-threatening condition that demands urgent medical care. Poisoning is a condition in which an organism becomes chemically harmed severely (poisoned) by a toxic substance or venom of an animal. Intoxication is a disturbance in behaviours or mental function during or after alcohol consumption. Overdose happens when a... Read More

An undergraduate research mentoring model in digital signal and image processing

Image The Journal focuses on digital signal/image processing and undergraduate research. Digital image processing is the use of a digital computer to process digital images through an algorithm. As a subcategory or field of digital signal processing, digital image processing has many advantages over analog image processing. Undergraduate research is the exploration of a specific topic within a field by an undergraduate student that makes an original contribution to the discipline. It is a fairly recent concept in the academic community, with roots in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. This work presents a... Read More

A two terminal optical signal and image processing p–i–n/p–i –n image and color sensor

Image The Journal focuses on Optical signal and image processing device, Real-time readout, Multi-layered structures amorphous silicon color detectors. Optical signal is an electromagnetic signal. It has electric and magnetic fields that are orthogonal to each other. It is measured in terms of wavelength. Image processing a form of processing for which the input is an image or a series of images or videos, such as photographs or frames of video. The output of image processing can be either an image or a set of characteristics or parameters related to the image. Multilayer structures... Read More

Antibiotics

Image Antibiotics Anti-inflammatory (or antiinflammatory) is the property of a substance or treatment that reduces inflammation or swelling. Anti-inflammatory drugs make up about half of analgesics, remedying pain by reducing inflammation as opposed to opioids, which affect the central nervous system to block pain signaling to the brain. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) alleviate pain by counteracting the cyclooxygenase (COX) enzyme. On its own, COX enzyme synthesizes prostaglandins, creating inflammation. In whole, the NSAIDs prevent the prostaglandins from ever being synthesized, reducing or eliminating the pain. Some common examples of NSAIDs are aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen. The newer specific COX-inhibitors are not classified together with the traditional NSAIDs even though they presumably share the same mode of action.... Read More

Anti-inflammatory drugs

Image Anti-inflammatory drugs Anti-inflammatory (or antiinflammatory) is the property of a substance or treatment that reduces inflammation or swelling. Anti-inflammatory drugs make up about half of analgesics, remedying pain by reducing inflammation as opposed to opioids, which affect the central nervous system to block pain signaling to the brain. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) alleviate pain by counteracting the cyclooxygenase (COX) enzyme. On its own, COX enzyme synthesizes prostaglandins, creating inflammation. In whole, the NSAIDs prevent the prostaglandins from ever being synthesized, reducing or eliminating the pain. Some common examples of NSAIDs are aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen. The newer specific COX-inhibitors are not classified together with the traditional NSAIDs even though they presumably share the same mode of... Read More

Health-related quality of life and its determinants among patients with hip fracture after surgery (APJOT)

Image Hip fracture has been regarded as a significant international health problem because of its negative impacts on things such as Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL). The determinants of HRQOL among patients with hip fracture after surgery during transition of recovery are still not clearly understood. To study HRQOL factors and determine the predictive power of elements such as age, gender, co-morbid disease, Body Mass Index (BMI), depression or social support on HRQOL among patients with hip fracture after surgery in Myanmar. Descriptive correlational predictive study. Yangon Orthopaedic Hospital and Mandalay Orthopaedic Hospital in Myanmar. The mean age... Read More

Fecal Calprotectin is a Surrogate Marker for Endoscopic Lesions in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Image The Journal focuses on calprotectin, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, inflammatory bowel disease. Calprotectin is a protein released by a type of white blood cell called a neutrophil. When there is inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract, neutrophils move to the area and release calprotectin, resulting in an increased level in the stool. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) involves chronic inflammation of your digestive tract. Crohn's disease is an IBD. It causes inflammation of your digestive tract, which can lead to abdominal pain, severe diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss and malnutrition. Inflammation caused by Crohn's... Read More

The practice of evidence-based medicine (EBM) in gastroenterology: discrepancies between EBM familiarity and EBM competency

Image Gastroenterology deals with the functioning of each organ in the track while focusing on various diseases that may attack the gastrointestinal track. It deals with the stomach or intestine including the digestive system and its disorders. The Journal focuses on clinical practice and evidence-based medicine. Evidence based medicine (EBM) is the conscientious, explicit, judicious and reasonable use of modern, best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients. EBM integrates clinical experience and patient values with the best available research information. Evidence-based medicine (EBM) has become increasingly important in the practice of... Read More

Towards a Meditation Brain State Model for Scientific Study of Chan

Image The Journal focuses on Meditation, brain wave analysis, electroencephalography, brain state modeling, and computational neuroscience. Meditation is a practice where an individual uses a technique – such as mindfulness, or focusing the mind on a particular object, thought, or activity – to train attention and awareness, and achieve a mentally clear and emotionally calm and stable state. Electroencephalography (EEG) is an electrophysiological monitoring method to record electrical activity of the brain. The latter analyses the type of brain waves can be observed in EEG signals in the frequency domain. A Neurodevelopmental Model that Focuses... Read More

Mind the Hype: A Critical Evaluation and Prescriptive Agenda for Research on Mindfulness and Meditation

Image The Journal focuses on mindfulness, meditation, psychotherapy, neuroimaging, contemplative science, adverse effects, media hype, and misinformation. Mindfulness is the psychological process of purposely bringing one's attention to experiences occurring in the present moment without judgment which one can develop through the practice of meditation and through other training. Meditation is a practice where an individual uses a technique – such as mindfulness, or focusing the mind on a particular object, thought, or activity – to train attention and awareness, and achieve a mentally clear and emotionally calm and stable state. Psychotherapy aims to improve an individual's well-being... Read More

Deposition of Inhaled Particles in the Human Respiratory Tract and Consequences for Regional Targeting in Respiratory Drug Delivery

Image The Journal Focuses on inhaled particles, lung regions, deposition mechanisms, targeting, drug delivery. Inhaled particles are carried with the tidal air through the respiratory system. The lungs are enclosed by the pleurae, which are attached to the mediastinum. Drug delivery is the method or process of administering a pharmaceutical compound to achieve a therapeutic effect in humans or animals. For the treatment of human diseases, nasal and pulmonary routes of drug delivery are gaining increasing importance. Targeted drug delivery is a method of delivering medication to a patient in a manner that increases... Read More

Smuggling Drugs into the Brain: An Overview of Ligands Targeting Transcytosis for Drug Delivery across the Blood–Brain Barrier

Image The Journal focuses on blood–brain barrier; targeted drug delivery; nano carriers; transcytosis. The blood–brain barrier is a highly selective semipermeable border that separates the circulating blood from the brain and extracellular fluid in the central nervous system (CNS). Drug delivery is the method or process of administering a pharmaceutical compound to achieve a therapeutic effect in humans or animals. For the treatment of human diseases, nasal and pulmonary routes of drug delivery are gaining increasing importance. Targeted drug delivery is a method of delivering medication to a patient in a manner that increases the concentration of the medication... Read More

The Essential Role and the Continuous Evolution of Modulation Techniques for Voltage Source Inverters in Past, Present and Future Power Electronics

Image The Journal focuses on Multi level systems and Modulation. A multilevel system is a groundwater instrument, which allows the monitoring of a number of discrete groundwater zones within a single borehole. The system typically consists of seals and ports, which are placed at varying depths along a casing string, effectively isolating and providing access to each monitoring interval. Modulation is the process of converting data into radio waves by adding information to an electronic or optical carrier signal. A carrier signal is one with a steady waveform of constant height, or amplitude, and frequency. Information can... Read More

Survey on Wireless Sensor Network Technologies for Industrial Automation: The Security and Quality of Service Perspectives

Image The Journal focuses Wireless Sensor Networks, Industrial Automation, Quality of Service, Security, State-of-the-art, Wireless HART, ISA100.11a-2009, ZigBee, and Wireless Interface for Sensors and Actuators, 802.15.4e Factory Automation MAC Layer. Wireless sensor network (WSN) refers to a group of spatially dispersed and dedicated sensors for monitoring and recording the physical conditions of the environment and organizing the collected data at a central location. Industrial automation is the use of control systems, such as computers or robots, and information technologies for handling different processes and machineries in an industry to replace a human being. It... Read More

Hysteroscopic Resection of a Giant Cervical Polyp with Preservation of Hymen

Image Journal of Genital System & Disorders open access journal, peer-reviewed journal that aims to publish research dealing with Genital research which covers a wide variety of specialties such as: Obstetrics, Gynecology, Reproductive Biology, Adolescent and Pediatric Gynecology, Biochemistry of Reproductive Science, Cervical Pathology, Cervical Pathology & Colposcopy, Congenital Anomalies, Genital Disorders, Genital Oncology, Infertility etc. Cervical polyps are common pathologies seen in women of reproductive age with a reported prevalence of 1.5 to 10%. They are considered to be a focal hyperplastic protrusion of the endocervical fold, with most women presenting in the per-menopause. They vary in size,... Read More

Uterine Rupture in a Second Trimester Twin Pregnancy after Laparoscopic Myomectomy

Image Journal of Genital System & Disorders is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal and aims to publish the most complete and reliable source of information on the discoveries and current developments in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in all major themes pertaining to Genital System & Disorders and making them available online freely without any restrictions or any other subscriptions to researchers worldwide. Editor-in-Chief Lawrence S Amesse is supported by an outstanding Editorial Board of international researchers. This multidisciplinary open-access journal is at the forefront of disseminating and communicating scientific knowledge... Read More

Metabolic Syndrome in Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus in a Mixed Population: Are Girls at a Higher Risk?

Image Journal of Endocrinology & Diabetes Research (ISSN: 2470-7570): is Bi-annual journal is going to release its special issue in the month of January during coming of New Year 2020. Since its inception in the year 2015, the journal has been publishing several scholarly articles and International conference proceedings. The editorial team of the journal is planning to compile a special issue based research activities in Endocrinology. The title of the upcoming special issue is Endocrinology & Diabetes Research which is scheduled to be released by January 2020. We studied the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among adolescents with T1 Diabetes in... Read More

Embryo Implantation and Inhibin Dimers (Activin) as Diagnosis of Ectopic Pregnancy

Image Journal of Endocrinology & Diabetes Research (ISSN: 2470-7570): is Bi-annual journal is going to release its special issue in the month of January during coming of New Year 2020. Since its inception in the year 2015, the journal has been publishing several scholarly articles and International conference proceedings. Embryo implantation is necessary for the successful formation of pregnancy. Ectopic implantation external the uterine cavity and the growth of ectopic pregnancy (EP) is a major cause of maternal morbidity and occasionally mortality during the first trimester. EP may be encouraged by failure of tubal transport and/or increased tubal receptivity.... Read More

Haemophilia B PMS1 Gene SNPs Predictions through Insilico Approach at Proteomics Levels

Image Blood Research & Hematologic Diseases has announced almost 50% discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Blood Research & Hematologic Diseases, the editor of journal is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. During this year we look forward to taking some initiatives that would encourage and reward our prospective audience which include clinicians, research scientists, decision-makers and a range of Hemophilia is one of the important hereditary disease that leading to deficiency in some clotting... Read More

Evaluation of Anticoagulant and Antiplatelet Activity of Pisum sativum Pod Extract

Image Journal of Blood Research & Hematologic Diseases is an open access journal and celebrating the 5th Anniversary, an esteemed journal which mainly deals with Blood Research & Hematologic Diseases. This Journal of Blood Research & Hematologic Diseases is a peer reviewing processing journal and publishes the articles on Blood Vessels, Circulatory System, Haematology, Haematopoiesis, Haemoglobin, Haemostasis The current study evaluates the anticoagulant and antiplatelet activities of Pisum sativum pod extract (PSPE). PSPE revealed similar protein banding pattern under both reducing and nonreducing conditions on SDS-PAGE, suggesting the presence of monomeric proteins in the extract. PSPE showed proteolytic activity... Read More

Aspirin inhibits inflammation and scar formation in the injury tendon healing through regulating JNK/STAT‐3 signalling pathway (APJOT)

Image Tendinopathy is a common problem in sports medicine which can lead to severe morbidity. Aspirin, as the classical representative of non‐steroidal anti‐inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for its anti‐inflammatory and analgesic actions, has been commonly used in treating tendinopathy. While its treatment effects on injury tendon healing are lacking, illuminating the underlying mechanism may provide scientific basis for clinical treatment. Firstly, we used immunohistochemistry and qRT‐PCR to detect changes in CD14, CD206, iNOS, IL‐6, IL‐10, MMP‐3, TIMP‐3, Col‐1a1, biglycan, Comp, Fibronectin, TGF‐β1,ACAN,EGR‐1 and FMOD. Next, Western blot was used to measure the protein levels (IL‐6, IL‐10, TGF‐β1, COMP, TIMP‐3, STAT‐3/P‐STAT‐3 and JNK/P‐JNK)... Read More

Know your Army: Judged and Misjudged

Image Know your Army: Judged and Misjudged Journal of Defense Studies and Resource Management is a scholarly peer-reviewed, academic journal that publishes original research articles undergoing peer review process with the help of experts in the field of Defense Studies. The Indian Army is the land-based branch and the largest component of the Indian Armed Forces. The primary mission of the Indian Army is to ensure national security and unity, defending the nation from external aggression and threats, and maintaining peace and security within its borders. It conducts humanitarian rescue operations during natural calamities and other disturbances, like... Read More

“Hybrid War” is Bad for Business: Russia Seeks in Vain an Upgrade of its Quasi Alliance with China

Image “Hybrid War” is Bad for Business: Russia Seeks in Vain an Upgrade of its Quasi Alliance with China Journal of Defense Studies and Resource Management is a scholarly peer-reviewed, academic journal that publishes original research articles undergoing peer review process with the help of experts in the field of Defense Studies. This article examines the recent dynamics in the Russian-Chinese relations seeking to evaluate the effectiveness and sustainability of the efforts launched by Moscow in the context of the Ukraine crisis, which at the moment of this writing in spring 2015 has entered into the second year... Read More

The Importance of Internships: Ensuring Informatics Students’ Future Success

Image The Importance of Internships: Ensuring Informatics Students’ Future Success Journal of Health Informatics & Management is a scholarly peer-reviewed, academic journal that publishes original research articles undergoing peer review process with the help of experts in the field of Health Informatics. With so many people looking towards furthering their education and with all of the demands the recent federal mandates for healthcare information technology (HIT) have put on the field of informatics, the need for educated and knowledgeable staff for HIT projects is critical. With the emergence and recent popularity of graduate education in healthcare informatics, we... Read More

Conference Announcement on Dermatology & Cosmetology

Image Conference Announcement on Dermatology & Cosmetology Journal of Health Informatics & Management is a scholarly peer-reviewed, academic journal that publishes original research articles undergoing peer review process with the help of experts in the field of Health Informatics. Cosmetology and Dermatology, Reconstructive and Plastic Surgery, Hair Care and Transplant experts, skin care and Laser technology, Business approach, and trends in Cosmetics, Dermato-oncology and Cosmeceutical and related fields to present their research at this unique  Dermatology and Cosmetology Conference. Dermatology & Cosmetology conference is expecting members around the world and the two day conference will incite Plenary sessions,... Read More

The Improvement in Mechanical Properties of Coconut Shell Powder as Filter in HDPE Composites

Image The Improvement in Mechanical Properties of Coconut Shell Powder as Filter in HDPE Composites Journal of Polymer Science & Applications is a scholarly peer-reviewed, academic journal that publishes original research articles undergoing peer review process with the help of experts in the field of Polymer Science. Composites have been prepared using the coconut shell powder and high-density polyethylene (HDPE) as the components. Coconut shell powder was mixed with HDPE via compounding of coconut shell powder and HDPE of HDPE and Coconut shell powder. The resultant materials were cast in three outlines and dried which resulted in composites.... Read More

The Challenge of Non Fouling Surfaces: Polymers could be the Answer

Image The Challenge of Non Fouling Surfaces: Polymers could be the Answer Journal of Polymer Science & Applications is a scholarly peer-reviewed, academic journal that publishes original research articles undergoing peer review process with the help of experts in the field of Polymer Science. The immersion of engineered materials in water environment such as sea water, industrial waters (heat exchangers, pipes), body fluids, etc., is always accompanied by an accumulation and colonization of their surfaces with biological matter and water born organism (e.g. bacteria, barnacles, algae, etc.). This process, known as biofouling, affects detrimentally the materials and related... Read More

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in a Cat

Image Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in a Cat Research Journal of Zoology is a scholarly peer-reviewed, academic journal that publishes original research articles undergoing peer review process with the help of experts in the field of zoology. Research Journal of Zoology (RJZ) is an Open Access journal focusing on zoology as one subject providing an immense platform to publish original research articles, review articles, case reports, mini review, short communication, etc.Due to advances in life sciences, zoology is being compromised by one or more sub-disciplinaries. However the recent development in the research on genetics and evolution has led to restoration... Read More

Impact of Helminth Parasites on Length-weight Ratio and Condition Factor of Fishes in Ajiwa and Jibia Reservoirs, Katsina State, Nigeria

Image Impact of Helminth Parasites on Length-weight Ratio and Condition Factor of Fishes in Ajiwa and Jibia Reservoirs, Katsina State, Nigeria Research Journal of Zoology is a scholarly peer-reviewed, academic journal that publishes original research articles undergoing peer review process with the help of experts in the field of zoology. Helminth parasites, length-weight relationship (LWR) and condition factor (K) of fishes in Ajiwa and Jibia reservoirs, Katsina State, Nigeria were investigated. From August 2016 to January 2017, 269 (136 O. niloticus and 133 C. gariepinus) and 242 (117 O. niloticus and 125 C. gariepinus) fish samples from Ajiwa... Read More