Albinism is a congenital disorder.


Albinism is a congenital condition characterized by the complete or partial absence of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes in humans. There are a variety of vision disorders associated with albinism, such as photophobia, nystagmus, and amblyopia. Lacking skin pigmentation makes sunburn and skin cancers more susceptible. Albinism can be associated with defects in the transport of melanin granules in rare cases such as the Chédiak – Higashi syndrome. This also affects important granules that are present in immune cells which lead to increased susceptibility to infection. Albinism is the result of recessive gene allele inheritance, and is believed to affect all vertebrates, including humans. It is due to the absence or defect of tyrosinase, a copper-containing enzyme which is involved in melanin development. Melanism is the opposite. Unlike humans, other species have many pigments and albinism is known to be an inherited disease, marked in particular by the lack of melanin in the eyes, skin, fur, scales, feathers or cuticles. Share your comments on topic Email us: Submit your submission through direct online link: For more information visit our website: We accept more than one paper for one author you can also go for membership.