Journal of Immunological Techniques & Infectious Diseases now accepting articles

Image We are happy to introduce you our journal which is a peer reviewed academic journal (ISSN NO: 2329-9541) which aims to publish the articles that makes a significant contribution in advancing knowledge for immunological application in the treatment of various infectious diseases. Our Journal includes all major themes pertaining to Immunity, Immunization techniques, Vaccination, Epidemology and treatment of infectious diseases. The journal accepts a... Read More

Serum used in numerous diagnostic tests

Image Blood Serum is the fluid and solute component of blood which does not play a role in clotting. It may be defined as blood plasma without fibrinogens. Serum includes all proteins not used in blood clotting; all electrolytes, antibodies, antigens, hormones; and any exogenous substances (e.g., drugs or microorganisms). Serum does not contain white blood cells (leukocytes), red blood cells (erythrocytes), platelets, or clotting factors. The study of serum is serology. Serum is used in numerous diagnostic tests as well as blood typing. Measuring the concentration of various molecules c... Read More

Reverse transcriptases are used by retroviruses

Image A reverse transcriptase (RT) is an enzyme used to generate complementary DNA (cDNA) from an RNA template, a process termed reverse transcription. Reverse transcriptases are used by retroviruses to replicate their genomes, by retrotransposon mobile genetic elements to proliferate within the host genome, by eukaryotic cells to extend the telomeres at the ends of their linear chromosomes, and by some non-retroviruses such as the hepatitis B virus, a member of the Hepadnaviridae, which are dsDNA-RT viruses. Retroviral RT has three sequential biochemical activities: RNA-dependent DNA p... Read More

Polymerization

Image In polymer chemistry, polymerization is a process of reacting monomer molecules together in a chemical reaction to form polymer chains or three-dimensional networks. There are many forms of polymerization and different systems exist to categorize them. In chemical compounds, polymerization can occur via a variety of reaction mechanisms that vary in complexity due to the functional groups present in the reactants and their inherent steric effects. In more straightforward polymerizations, alkenes form polymers through relatively simple radical reactions; in contrast, reactions involving subst... Read More

Plasma cells are large lymphocytes with abundant cytoplasm

Image Plasma cells, also called plasma B cells, are white blood cells that originate in the bone marrow and secrete large quantities of proteins called antibodies in response to being presented specific substances called antigens. These antibodies are transported from the plasma cells by the blood plasma and the lymphatic system to the site of the target antigen (foreign substance), where they initiate its neutralization or destruction. B cells differentiate into plasma cells that produce antibody molecules closely modeled after the receptors of the precursor B cell. Plasma cells are la... Read More

Nucleotides play a central role in metabolism

Image Nucleotides are molecules consisting of a nucleoside and a phosphate group. They are the basic building blocks of DNA and RNA.They are organic molecules that serve as the monomer units for forming the nucleic acid polymers deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), both of which are essential biomolecules within all life-forms on Earth. Nucleotides are the building blocks of nucleic acids; they are composed of three sub unit molecules: a nitrogenous base (also known as nucleobase), a five-carbon sugar (ribose or deoxyribose), and a phosphate group consisting of one to three pho... Read More

Neuroimmunology combining Neuroscience and Immunology

Image Neuroimmunology is a field combining neuroscience, the study of the nervous system, and immunology, the study of the immune system. Neuroimmunologists seek to better understand the interactions of these two complex systems during development, homeostasis, and response to injuries. A long-term goal of this rapidly developing research area is to further develop our understanding of the pathology of certain neurological diseases, some of which have no clear etiology. In doing so, neuroimmunology contributes to development of new pharmacological treatments for several neurological conditions. M... Read More

Mutagen produces mutations in the DNA

Image In genetics, a mutagen is a physical or chemical agent that changes the genetic material, usually DNA, of an organism and thus increases the frequency of mutations above the natural background level. As many mutations can cause cancer, mutagens are therefore also likely to be carcinogens, although not always necessarily so. All mutagens have characteristic mutational signatures with some chemicals becoming mutagenic through cellular processes. Not all mutations are caused by mutagens: so-called "spontaneous mutations" occur due to spontaneous hydrolysis, errors in DNA replication,... Read More

Mucosal Immunology

Image Mucosal Immunology is the official publication of the Society for Mucosal Immunology (SMI). It aims to provide a forum for both basic and clinical scientists to discuss all aspects of immunity and inflammation involving mucosal tissues. The journal reflects the interests of scientists studying gastrointestinal, pulmonary, nasopharyngeal, oral, ocular, and genitourinary immunology through the publication of original research articles, scholarly reviews, and timely commentaries, editorials and letters. Publication of basic, translational, and clinical studies will all be given equal considera... Read More

macrophages and myeloid lineage dendritic cells

Image Monocytes are a type of leukocyte, or white blood cell. They are the largest type of leukocyte and can differentiate into macrophages and myeloid lineage dendritic cells. As a part of the vertebrate innate immune system monocytes also influence the process of adaptive immunity. There are at least three subclasses of monocytes in human blood based on their phenotypic receptors. Monocytes are amoeboid in appearance, and have nongranulated cytoplasm.[1], thus are classified as agranulocytes. Containing unilobar nuclei, these cells are one of the types of mononuclear leukocytes which shelter az... Read More

Kupffer –Browicz cells, are specialized macrophages

Image Kupffer cells, also known as stellate macrophages and Kupffer–Browicz cells, are specialized macrophages located in the liver, lining the walls of the sinusoids. They form part of the mononuclear phagocyte system Development. Their development begins in the yolk sac where they differentiate into fetal macrophages. Once they enter the blood stream, they migrate to the fetal liver where they stay. There they complete their differentiation into Kupffer cells.Function apart from clearing any bacteria, red blood cells are also broken down by phagocytic action, where the hemoglobin molecule... Read More

Immunopharmacology

Image The immune system is a composite of the means by which individual organisms maintain their individual integrity in the face of constant interaction with the environment and the continuous internal process of death and removal of host cells that allows for replacement and growth. Both the innate and adaptive divisions of the immune system are critical to the maintenance of homeostasis, physical integrity, and health. Intricately interactive pathways of cells, cell surface receptors, antibodies, and cytokines provide surveillance against invasive pathogens and nonself entities and internal de... Read More

Immunology of Barrier Surfaces

Image Barrier surfaces are the first to come into contact with pathogens and have overlapping and unique immunological mechanisms to prevent infection. The lung, gut and skin form major physcial and immunological barriers to infection. These organs are the main portal of entry for a variety of air and food borne pathogens, allergens and other environmental pollutants.  They have the unique ability to maintain homeostasis in the face of constant external provocation.  Once this property is jeopardized, different types of diseases ensue.  Although the underlying mechanisms of some of... Read More

Immune system's ability to fight infectious disease and cancer

Image Immunodeficiency or immunocompromise is a state in which the immune system's ability to fight infectious disease and cancer is compromised or entirely absent. Most cases of immunodeficiency are acquired ("secondary") due to extrinsic factors that affect the patient's immune system. Examples of these extrinsic factors include HIV infection and environmental factors, such as nutrition. In the clinical setting, the immunosuppression by some drugs, such as steroids, can be either an adverse effect or the intended purpose of the treatment. Examples of such use is in organ trans... Read More

HIV infects vital cells in the human immune system

Image The human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV) are two species of Lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that infect humans. Over time they cause acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), a condition in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive.Without treatment, average survival time after infection with HIV is estimated to be 9 to 11 years, depending on the HIV subtype.In most cases, HIV is a sexually transmitted infection and occurs by contact with or transfer of blood, pre-ejaculate, semen, and vaginal fluids. Researc... Read More

Contagiousness varies between diseases

Image A contagious disease is a subset category of transmissible diseases, which are transmitted to other persons, either by physical contact with the person suffering the disease, or by casual contact with their secretions or objects touched by them or airborne route among other routes. Contagiousness varies between diseases. Non-contagious infections, by contrast, usually require a special mode of transmission between persons or hosts. These include need for intermediate vector species (mosquitoes that carry malaria) or by non-casual transfer of bodily fluid (such as transfusions, nee... Read More

Immunology Laboratory in the evaluation of autoimmune disease

Image The Immunology Laboratory is responsible for laboratory testing and clinical consultation in several broad areas including the evaluation of autoimmune disease, immunodeficiencies, immunoproliferative disorders, and allergy, as well as having responsibility for some aspects of infectious disease serology. Much work is carried out together with the Molecular Diagnostics, Microbiology, Virology and Hematology laboratories to provide seamless consultation and diagnostics for various clinical scenarios. In the evaluation of immunodeficiency, whether congenital or as a result of transp... Read More

Artificial stimulation of the immune system to treat cancer

Image Cancer immunotherapy (sometimes called immuno-oncology) is the artificial stimulation of the immune system to treat cancer, improving on the immune system's natural ability to fight the disease. It is an application of the fundamental research of cancer immunology and a growing subspeciality of oncology. Cancer immunotherapy exploits the fact that cancer cells often have tumor antigens, molecules on their surface that can be detected by the antibody proteins of the immune system, binding to them. The tumor antigens are often proteins or other macromolecules (e.g., carbohydrate... Read More

Viruses

Image A virus is a submicroscopic infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of an organism. Viruses can infect all types of life forms, from animals and plants to microorganisms, including bacteria and archaea. Virus can infect all types of forms. in the process of infecting a cell,Since Dmitri Ivanovsky's 1892 article describing a non-bacterial pathogen infecting tobacco plants, and the discovery of the tobacco mosaic virus by martinus Beijerinck ... Read More

Plague

Image Plague is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis. Symptoms include fever, weakness and headache. Usually this begins one to seven days after exposure. In the bubonic form there is also swelling of lymph nodes, while in the septicemic form tissues may turn black and die, and in the pneumonic form shortness of breath, cough and chest pain may occur. Bubonic and septicemic plague are generally spread by flea bites or handling an infected animal. The pneumonitic fo... Read More

Disease

Image A disease is a particular abnormal condition that negatively affects the structure or function of all or part of an organism, and that is not due to any immediate external injury. Diseases are often known to be medical conditions that are associated with specific symptoms and signs. A disease may be caused by external factors such as pathogens or by internal dysfunctions. For example, internal dysfunctions of the immune system can produce a variety of different diseases, including various forms of immu... Read More

Bug

Image Bug, a pathogen, any microorganism that causes illness (slang). Bug, one of several species of , such as Balmain bug, Moreton Bay bug. Insects of the order Hemiptera known as "true bugs. or sometimes its suborder Heteroptera. More broadly, any of many small, primarily terrestrial invertebrates, such as Insects, Arachnids, Myriapods, Worms, Terrestrial molluscs, A subset of arthropods, Dudley bug a trilobite. True bug, a group of insects. Bug, a slang word for a pathogen that makes organisms ill. Bug, a slang word for an insect, such as an ant or a beetle as given in the folloeing aspec... Read More

Bacteriology

Image Bacteriology is the branch and specialty of biology that studies the morphology, ecology, genetics and biochemistry of bacteria as well as many other aspects related to them. This subdivision of microbiology involves the identification, classification, and characterization of bacterial species. Because of the similarity of thinking and working with microorganisms other than bacteria, such as protozoa, fungi, and viruses, there has been a tendency for the field of bacteriology to extend as microbiology. The terms were formerly often used interchangeably. However, bacteriology can be classifi... Read More

Infection

Image An infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.An infectious disease, also known as a transmissible disease or communicable disease, is an illness resulting from an infection. Infections are caused by infectious agents (pathogens) including: Viruses and related agents such as viroids and prions, Bacteria Fungi, further subclassified into: Ascomycota, including yeasts such as Candida, filamentous fungi such as Aspergillus, Pneumocystis species... Read More

Virologyy

Image Virology is the study of viral – submicroscopic, parasitic particles of genetic material contained in a protein coat– and virus-like agents. It focuses on the following aspects of viruses: their structure, classification and evolution, their ways to infect and exploit host cells for reproduction, their interaction with host organism physiology and immunity, the diseases they cause, the techniques to isolate and culture them, and their use in research and therapy. Virology is considered to be a subfield of microbiology or of medicine. A major branch of virology is virus classific... Read More

Mycology

Image Mycology is the branch of biology concerned with the study of fungi, including their genetic and biochemical properties, their taxonomy and their use to humans as a source for tinder, traditional medicine, food, and entheogens, as well as their dangers, such as toxicity or infection. A biologist specializing in mycology is called a mycologist. Mycology branches into the field of phytopathology, the study of plant diseases, and the two disciplines remain closely related because the vast majority of plant pathogens are fungi. Historically, mycology was a branch of botany because, although fun... Read More

Journal of Clinical Immunology and Research

Image Journal of Clinical Immunology and Research (JCIR) is a web based, open-access, interdisciplinary peer-reviewed broad scope journal that publishes high impact papers. The Journal aims to publish report on the entire spectrum of Human immunology. Journal Line-up is to impact readers with a broad spectrum of subject matter in clinical immunology, all details of immunology research in Human ill health. This Journal seeks high quality submissions and welcomes contributions in aspects like Immune system, Immunobiology and Pathology, Cancer immunobiology, Hepatitis Immu... Read More

Journal of Immunological Techniques & Infectious Diseases Accepting Articles for its new Issue Release!

Image Journal of Immunological Techniques & Infectious Diseases Wishes you a very Happy New Year. May this year brings you a lot of wealth and good health. JIDIT is a scholarly peer-reviewed academic journal that encourages rigorous research that makes a significant contribution in advancing knowledge for immunological application in the treatment of various infectious diseases. JIDIT includes all major themes pertaining to Immunity, Immunization te... Read More

FOXP3 Gene and T Regulatory Cells Behavior in AIDS Patients

Image HIV and AIDS Research Journal Invites your for the article submission in the Year 2020 HIV and AIDS Research Journal is a peer reviewed journal that focuses on the advancements in the research of HIV and AIDS, clinical trials, vaccination, health conditions, and preventive measures. This Journal considers almost all aspects of basic research and biome... Read More

Research in Clinical Immunology

Image Journal of Clinical Immunology and Research (JCIR) is a web based, open-access, interdisciplinary peer-reviewed broad scope journal that publishes high impact papers. The Journal aims to publish report on the entire spectrum of Human immunology. Journal Line-up is to impact readers with a broad spectrum of subject matter in clinical immunology, all details of immunology research in Human ill health. Clinical immunology covers the fragment of diagnostic techniques used for research survey such as novel immunological methods, clinical laboratory immunology, clinical... Read More

Journal of Immunological Techniques and Infectious Diseases: Autoimmune Hepatitis

Image Hepatitis refers to an inflammatory condition of the liver. It’s commonly caused by a viral infection, but there are other possible causes of hepatitis. These include autoimmune hepatitis and hepatitis that occurs as a secondary result of medications, drugs, toxins, and alcohol. Autoimmune hepatitis, formerly called lupoid hepatitis, is a chronic, autoimmune disease of the liver that occurs when the body's immune system attacks liver cells causing the liver to be inflamed, or when your body makes antibodies against your liver tissue. ... Read More

Journal of Immunological Techniques & Infectious Diseases

Image Journal of Immunological Techniques in Infectious Diseases is a peer reviewed scientific Journal that provides a range of options to individuals and university libraries to purchase our articles and also permits unlimited Internet Access to complete Journal content. However, JIDIT has recently started following Hybrid Model of publication of articles. Under hybrid model, journal is giving option to authors to choose their mode of publishing; either Open Access (making individual articles freely available online) or Subscription (article access restricted to journal subscribers). We publish ... Read More

Advances in Clinical Immunology

Image Editor-in-Chief Chiguang Feng is supported by an outstanding Editorial Board of international researchers. This multidisciplinary open-access journal is at the forefront of disseminating and communicating scientific knowledge and impactful discoveries to researchers, academics, clinicians and the public worldwide. Journal of Clinical Immunology and Research (JCIR) is a web based, open-access, interdisciplinary peer-reviewed broad scope journal that publishes high impact papers. The Journal aims to publish report on the entire spectrum of Human immunology. Journal ... Read More

Advances in Journal of Clinical Immunology

Image Editor-in-Chief Chiguang Feng is supported by an outstanding Editorial Board of international researchers. This multidisciplinary open-access journal is at the forefront of disseminating and communicating scientific knowledge and impactful discoveries to researchers, academics, clinicians and the public worldwide. Journal of Clinical Immunology and Research (JCIR) is a web based, open-access, interdisciplinary peer-reviewed broad scope journal that publishes high impact papers in the area of human immunology that explore the diagnosis, pathogenesis, prognosis, or treatment of huma... Read More

Journal of Immunological Techniques & Infectious Diseases: A New Way to Approach the Treatment.

Image Journal of Immunological Techniques and Infectious Diseases (JIDIT) is a scholarly peer-reviewed academic journal that encourages rigorous research that makes a significant contribution in advancing knowledge for immunological application in the treatment of various infectious diseases. JIDIT provides a range of options to individuals and university libraries to purchase our articles and also permits unlimited Internet Acce... Read More