HIV-Positive Women’s Perceptions, Awareness, and Knowledge about Cervical Cancer Screening in Malawi: A Qualitative Study


Malawi is among countries with highest rates of cervical cancer and HIV in the world. Evidence has shown that HIV-positive women have a higher risk of having abnormal cervical cells caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) than in HIV-negative women due to compromised immune system. However, there is a gap in the literature relating to cervical cancer and screening rate, knowledge, and behavior among Malawian HIV-positive women. Objectives: To explore factors influencing cervical cancer screening among Malawian women living with HIV infection. Methods: This qualitative study was conducted in one of the Christian Health Association of Malawi (CHAM) health facilities. Data were collected through an in-depth interview with 13 HIV positive women who were purposely selected to participate. Data were analyzed using content analysis. Results: The study identified four major themes influencing screening which include 1) knowledge and attitudes; 2) social support networks; 3) socio-cultural factors; and 4) access to screening services. Conclusion: The findings of the study should further be explored in a larger population based survey to develop specific and targeted interventions for promoting cervical cancer screening among Malawian women living with HIV infection.

Journal of Nursing & Patient Care (JNPC) is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal that aims to publish the most complete and reliable source of information on the discoveries and current developments in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in all areas of Nursing and health care. Journal of Nursing & Patient Care focuses on the topics include: Nursing Science, Nursing and Health Care, Patient Care, Nursing Theories, Critical Care Nursing, Pediatric Nursing, Adult Nursing, Public Health Nursing, Clinical Nursing, Midwifery.Review processing is performed by the Editorial Board members of the Journal.

We welcome you to be a part of our medical Journey by contributing your outstanding research work with us. A standard editorial tracking system is utilized for manuscript submission, review and tracking for quality and quick review processing, which can be securely accessed by the authors, reviewers and editors for monitoring and tracking their articles.

We offer 40% discounts in all the articles submitted for publication, during open access publishers generally accept payment for article processing, web hosting and online archiving.

Media contact:

Ann Jose

Editorial Assistant

Journal of Nursing & Patient Care

Email id:

Whatsapp No: +1-579-679-8957